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Epiphyte Ecology
Monitoring Change
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Dr Brian Coppins
Ms Sally Eaton
Dr Christopher Ellis
Ms Louise Olley
Dr Rebecca Yahr

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Dr Christopher Ellis
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20A Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, EH3 5LR, U.K.
tel: +44 (0)131 248-2993
e-mail: c.ellis(at)rbge.org.uk

Research Interests
Publications
Academic Career

Google Scholar Citations

Research Interests

My research seeks to integrate ecological processes across spatial-temporal scales. This bridges between the control of species biogeography by larger-scale drivers - landscape-scale habitat structure, pollution and climate (including climate change) - and the species/community response to local habitat dynamics.

Integrating across these different scales, results are used in the development of conservation strategy, to protect against and redress impacts ranging from local habitat loss to global climate change.

My research is quantitative, and focusses on 'cryptogams' (lichens and bryophytes), especially cryptogamic epiphytes. Cryptogams are diverse, and span an array of life-history strategies; they are often diminutive and strongly nested within a larger-scale habitat matrix - in this sense they are highly representative of the majority of Earth's biodiversity.

Published R Code

Research Themes

Epiphyte ecology - summary
Monitoring ecological change - summary

Holocene climate change and development of High Arctic wetland (1999-2001) - summary
Development and erosion of British blanket mire (1995-1999) - summary

Peer Review Papers & Chapters

2017

ELLIS, C.J. (2017) Lichen epiphyte response to non-analogue seasonal climates: a critique of bioclimatic models. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, in press.

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2017) Taxonomic survey compared to ecological sampling: are the results consistent for woodland epiphytes? The Lichenologist, in press.

Mitchell, R.J., Broome, A., Beaton, J.K., Bellamy, P.E., ELLIS, C.J., Hester A.J., Hodgetts N.G., Iason, G.R., Littlewood, N.A., Newey S., Pozsgai, G., Ramsay, S., Riach, D., Stockan, J.A., Taylor, A.F.S. & Woodward, S. (2017) Challenges in assessing the ecological impacts of tree diseases and mitigation measures: the case of Hymenoscyphus fraxineus and Fraxinus excelsior. Baltic Forestry, in press.

2016

Belinchon, R., Coppins, B.J., Yahr, R. & ELLIS, C.J. (2016) The diversity and community dynamics of hazelwood lichens and bryophytes along a major gradient of human impact. Plant Ecology and Diversity, in press.

ELLIS, C.J. (2016) Oceanic and temperate rainforest climates and their epiphyte indicators in Britain. Ecological Indicators, 70: 125-133.

ELLIS, C.J. & Eaton (2016) Future non-analogue climates for Scotland's temperate rainforest. Scottish Geographical Journal, 132: 257-268.

Mitchell, R.J. Pakeman, R.J., Broome, A., Beaton, J.K., Bellamy, P.E., Brooker, R.W., ELLIS, C.J., Hester, A.J., Hodgetts, N.G. , Iason, G.R., Littlewood, N.A., Pozsgai, G., Ramsay, S., Riach, D. Stockan, J.A., Taylor, A.F.S., & Woodward, S. (2016) How to replicate the functions and biodiversity of a threatened tree species? The case of Fraxinus excelsior in Britain. Ecosystems, 19: 573-586.

Svensson, M., Caruso, A., Yahr, R., ELLIS, C., Thor, G. & Snäll, T. (2016) Combined observational and experimental data provide limited support for facilitation in lichens. Oikos, 125: 278-283.

2015

Belinchon, R., Yahr, R. & ELLIS, C.J. (2015) Interactions among species with contrasting dispersal modes explain distributions for epiphytic lichens. Ecography, 38: 762-768.

ELLIS, C.J. (2015) Ancient woodland indicators signal the climate change risk for dispersal-limited species. Ecological Indicators, 53: 106-114.

Whittet, R.R. Hope, J. & ELLIS, C.J. (2015) Open structured woodland and the ecological interpretation of Scotland's Ancient Woodland Inventory. Scottish Geographical Journal, 131: 67-77.

2014

Belinchon, R., ELLIS, C.J. & Yahr, R. (2014) Microsatellite loci in two epiphytic lichens with contrasting dispersal modes: Nephroma laevigatum and N. parile (Nephromataceae). Applications in Plant Science, 11: 1400080.

Blasy, V. & ELLIS, C.J. (2014) Life on deadwood: cut stumps as a model system for the succession and management of lichen diversity. The Lichenologist, 46: 455-469.

Davies, C. ELLIS, C.J., Iason, G.R. & Ennos, R. A. (2014) Genotypic variation in a foundation tree (Populus tremula L.) explains community structure of associated epiphytes. Biology Letters, 10: 20140190.

Eaton, S. & ELLIS, C.J. (2014) High demographic rates of the model epiphyte Lobaria pulmonaria in an oceanic hazelwood (Western Scotland). Fungal Ecology, 11: 60-70. See Erratum: Fungal Ecology, 15: 92.

ELLIS, C.J., Eaton, S., Theodoropoulos, M., Coppins, B.J., Seaward, M.R.D. & Simkin, S. (2014) Response of epiphytic lichens to 21st Century climate change and tree disease scenarios. Biological Conservation, 180: 153-164.

ELLIS, C.J., Yahr, R., Belinchón, R. & Coppins, B.J. (2014) Archaeobotanical evidence for climate as a driver of ecological community change across the anthropocene boundary. Global Change Biology, 20: 2211-2220.

Iacob, O., Rowan, J.S., Brown, I. & ELLIS, C.J. (2014) Evaluating wider benefits of natural flood management strategies: an ecosystem-based adaptation perspective. Hydrology Research, 45: 774-787.

Mitchell, R.J., Beaton, J.K., Bellamy, P.E., Broome, A., Chetcuti, J., Eaton, S., ELLIS, C.J., Gimona, A., Harmer, R., Hester, A.J., Hewison, R.L., Hodgetts, N.G., Iason, G.R., Kerr, G., Littlewood, N.A., Newey, S., Potts, J.M., Pozsgai, G., Ray, D., Sim, D.A., Stockan, J.A., Taylor, A.F.S. & Woodward, S. (2014) Ash dieback in the UK: A review of the ecological and conservation implications and potential management options. Biological Conservation, 175: 95-109.

Yahr, R., Coppins, B.J., & ELLIS, C.J. (2014) Quantifying the loss of lichen epiphyte diversity from the pre-industrial Exmoor landscape (south-west England). The Lichenologist, 46: 711-721.

2013

ELLIS, C.J. (2013) A risk-based model of climate change threat: hazard, exposure and vulnerability in the ecology of lichen epiphytes. Botany, 91: 1-11.

ELLIS, C.J., Coppins, B.J., Eaton, S. & Simkin, J. (2013) Implications of ash dieback for associated epiphytes. Conservation Biology, 27: 899-901.

ELLIS, C.J. & Ellis, S.C. (2013) Signatures of autogenic epiphyte succession for an aspen chronosequence. Journal of Vegetation Science, 24: 688-701.

Whittet, R.R. & ELLIS, C.J. (2013) Critical tests for lichen indicators of woodland ecological continuity. Biological Conservation, 168: 19-23.

2012

Braidwood, D. & ELLIS, C.J. (2012) Bioclimatic equilibrium for lichen distributions on disjunct continental landmasses. Botany, 90: 1316-1325.

Eaton, S. & ELLIS, C.J. (2012) Local experimental growth rates respond to macroclimate for the lichen epiphyte Lobaria pulmonaria. Plant Ecology and Diversity, 5: 365-372.

ELLIS, C.J. (2012) Lichen epiphyte diversity: a species, community and trait-based review. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 14: 131-152.

2011

ELLIS, C.J. (2011) Predicting the biodiversity response to climate change: challenges and advances. Systematics and Biodiversity, 9: 307-317.

ELLIS, C.J. & Yahr, R. (2011) An interdisciplinary review of climate change trends and uncertainties: lichen biodiversity, arctic-alpine ecosystems and habitat loss. In: Hodkinson, T.R., Jones, M.B., Waldren, S. & Parnell, J.A.N. (eds) Climate Change, Ecology and Systematics: 457-489. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

ELLIS, C.J., Yahr, R. & Coppins, B.J. (2011) Archaeobotanical evidence for a massive loss of epiphyte species richness during industrialisation in southern England. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 278: 3482-3489.

Kelly, L.J., Hollingsworth, P.M., Coppins, B.J., ELLIS, C.J., Harrold, P., Tosh, J. & Yahr, R. (2011) DNA barcoding of lichenized fungi demonstrates high identification success in a floristic context. New Phytologist, 191: 288-300.

Lisewski, V. & ELLIS, C.J. (2011) Lichen epiphyte abundance controlled by the nested effect of woodland composition along macroclimatic gradients. Fungal Ecology, 4: 241-249.

Yahr, R., Coppins, B.J. & ELLIS, C.J. (2011) Preserved epiphytes as an archaeological resource in post-medieval vernacular buildings. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38: 1191-1198.

2010

Cody, S, Richardson, J.E., Valenti, R., ELLIS, C.J. & Pennington, T.R. (2010) The great American biotic interchange revisited. Ecography, 33: 1-7.

Crabtree, D. & ELLIS, C.J. (2010) Species interaction and response to wind-speed alter the impact of projected temperature change in a montane ecosystem. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21: 744-760.

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2010) Integrating multiple landscape-scale drivers in the lichen epiphyte response: climatic setting, pollution regime and woodland spatial-temporal structure. Diversity and Distributions, 16: 43-52. See Corrigendum: Diversity & Distributions, 16: 312.

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2010) Partitioning the role of climate, pollution and old-growth woodland in the composition and richness of lichen epiphytes in Scotland. The Lichenologist, 45: 601-614.

ELLIS, C.J. & Ellis, S.C. (2010) Quantifying the role of deterministic assembly and stochastic drift in a natural community of arctic mosses. Oikos, 119: 465-474.

Lewis, J.E.J. & ELLIS, C.J. (2010) Taxon- compared to trait-based analysis of epiphytes, and the role of tree species and tree age in community composition. Plant Ecology and Diversity, 3: 203-210.

Lisewski, V. & ELLIS, C.J. (2010) Epiphyte sensitivity to a cross-scale interaction between habitat quality and macroclimate – an opportunity for range-edge conservation. Biodiversity & Conservation, 19: 3935-3949.

2009

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2009) Quantifying the role of multiple landscape-scale drivers controlling epiphyte composition and richness in a conservation priority habitat (juniper scrub). Biological Conservation, 142: 1291-1301.

ELLIS, C.J., Yahr, R. & Coppins, B.J. (2009) Local extent of old-growth woodland modifies epiphyte response to climate change. Journal of Biogeography, 36: 302-313.

2008

Binder, M.B. & ELLIS, C.J. (2008) Conservation of the rare British lichen Vulpicida pinastri: climate change, habitat loss and strategies for mitigation. The Lichenologist, 40: 63-79.

ELLIS, C.J. (2008) Interactions between hydrology, burning and contrasting plant groups during the millennial-scale development of sub-montane wet heath. Journal of Vegetation Science, 19: 693-704.

ELLIS, C.J., Rochefort, L., Gauthier, G. & Pienitz, R. (2008) Palaeoecological evidence for transitions between contrasting land-forms in a polygon-patterned High Arctic wetland. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 40: 624-637.

2007

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2007) 19th Century woodland structure controls stand-scale epiphyte diversity in present-day Scotland. Diversity & Distributions, 13: 84-91.

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2007) Changing climate and historic-woodland structure interact to control species diversity of the 'Lobarion' epiphyte community in Scotland. Journal of Vegetation Science, 18: 725-734.

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2007) Reproductive strategy and the compositional dynamics of crustose lichen communities on aspen (Populus tremula L.) in Scotland. The Lichenologist, 39: 377-391.

ELLIS, C.J., Coppins, B.J., Dawson, T.P. & Seaward, M.R.D. (2007) Response of British lichens to climate change scenarios: trends and uncertainties in the projected impact for contrasting biogeographic groups. Biological Conservation, 140: 217-235.

ELLIS, C.J., Coppins, B.J. & Dawson, T.P. (2007) Predicted response of the lichen epiphyte Lecanora populicola to climate change scenarios in a clean-air region of northern Britain. Biological Conservation, 135: 396-404.

2006

ELLIS, C.J. & Coppins, B.J. (2006) Contrasting functional traits maintain lichen epiphyte diversity in response to climate and autogenic succession. Journal of Biogeography, 33: 1643-1656.

ELLIS, C.J. & Rochefort, L. (2006) Long-term sensitivity of a High Arctic wetland to Holocene climate change. Journal of Ecology, 94: 441-454.

2005

ELLIS, C.J., Crittenden, P.D. & Scrimgeour, C. & Ashcroft, C.J. (2005) Translocation of 15N indicates nitrogen recycling in the mat-forming lichen Cladonia portentosa. New Phytologist, 168: 423-434.

2004

ELLIS, C.J. & Rochefort, L. (2004) Century-scale development of High Arctic polygon-patterned tundra wetland, Bylot Island (73 oN). Ecology, 85: 963-978.

ELLIS, C.J., Crittenden, P.D. & Scrimgeour, C. (2004) Soil as a potential source of nitrogen for mat-forming lichens. Canadian Journal of Botany, 82: 145-149.

2003

ELLIS, C.J., Crittenden, P.D. & Scrimgeour, C. & Ashcroft, C.J. (2003) The natural abundance of 15N in mat-forming lichens. Oecologia, 136: 115-123.

ELLIS, C.J. & Tallis, J.H. (2003) The ecology of Racomitrium lanuginosum in British blanket mire - evidence from the palaeoecological record. Journal of Bryology, 25: 7-15.

2001

ELLIS, C.J. & Tallis, J.H. (2001) Climatic control of peat erosion in a North Wales blanket mire. New Phytologist, 152: 313-324.

2000

ELLIS, C.J. & Tallis, J.H. (2000) Climatic control of blanket mire development at Kentra Moss, north-west Scotland. Journal of Ecology, 88: 869-889.

Books

ELLIS, C.J., Eaton, S., Theodoropoulos, M., Coppins, B.J., Seaward, M.R.D. & Simkin, J. (2015) Lichen Epiphyte Scenarios. A Toolkit of Climate and Woodland Change for the 21st Century. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. ISBN: 978-1-91087-00-5. See Errata for updates.

ELLIS, C.J., Eaton, S., Theodoropoulos, M. & Elliott, K. (2015) Epiphyte Communities and Indicator Species. An Ecological Guide for Scotland's Woodlands. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. ISBN: 978-1-910877-01-2.

Editorials & Commentary

Fryday, A., Kantvilas, G., ELLIS, C., Crittenden, P. (2014) Brian Coppins - A liber amicorum. The Lichenologist, 46: 245-246.

ELLIS, C.J., Coppins, B.J. & Hollingsworth, P.M. (2012) Lichens under threat from ash dieback. Nature, 491: 672.

Crittenden, P., ELLIS, C.J., Vogt, K. & Boddy, L. (2012) Editorial: fungi and global change. Special Issue, Fungal Ecology, 5: 1-2.

Research Notes

ELLIS, C.J. (2016) Lichens and climate change: the problem of scale and non-analogue climates. IAL 8 Abstract. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 119: 104-105.

ELLIS, C.J. (2014) Lichen epiphyte scenarios - a toolkit for managing diversity and environmental change. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 114: 53-61.

Iacob, O., Rowan, J., Brown, I. & ELLIS, C.J. (2012) Natural flood management as a climate change adaptation option assessed using an ecosystem services approach. Proceedings of the British Hydrological Society Eleventh National Symposium - Hydrology for a Changing World.

Harrold, P., Walkinshaw, S., Coppins, B.J. & ELLIS, C.J. (2010) Species discrimination and the distribution of Placopsis gelida and P. lambii in Great Britain. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 107: 44-50.

Harrold, P., Grundy, K., Coppins, B.J. & ELLIS, C.J. (2009) Distribution of chemotypes of Cetrelia olivetorum in England, Scotland and Wales. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 105: 3-9.

Lisewski, V. & ELLIS, C.J. (2009) Evidence that browsing animals can have a significant effect on epiphytic populations of Sphaerophorus globosus in Scotland. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 104: 6-9.

Yahr, R. & ELLIS, C.J. (2009) Historic lichen communities in Wiltshire. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 105: 10-17.

ELLIS, C.J. & Binder, M.B. (2007) Inferred shift in the British distribution of Vulpicida pinastri using herbarium and mapping data. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 101: 4-10.

ELLIS, C.J. (2004) The lichen ecology of aspen woods - a preliminary analysis. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 94: 23-27.

Wider Science Communication

Davies, C., ELLIS, C.J., Ennos, R. & Iason, G. (2014) Tree genotype determines associated biodiversity: epiphytes of aspen. In: Iason, G. (ed.) Biodiversity and Woodland Ecosystems: a summary of research outputs supported of facilitated by the Environmental Change Programme of the Scottish Government's Portfolio of Strategic Research (2011-2016): 14-15. James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen.

ELLIS, C.J. (2014) Climate change, tree disease and the future of woodland diversity. In: Iason, G. (ed.) Biodiversity and Woodland Ecosystems: a summary of research outputs supported of facilitated by the Environmental Change Programme of the Scottish Government's Portfolio of Strategic Research (2011-2016): 8-9. James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen.

ELLIS, C.J., Eaton, S. & Theodoropoulos, M. (2014) Managing epiphytic diversity in British woodlands. A scenarios toolkit. The Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 108: 262-266.

Mitchell, RJ., Broome, A., Woodward, S., Bellamy, P., ELLIS, C.J. & Hodgetts, N. (2014) The potential ecological impact of ash dieback in the UK. In: Iason, G. (ed.) Biodiversity and Woodland Ecosystems: a summary of research outputs supported of facilitated by the Environmental Change Programme of the Scottish Government's Portfolio of Strategic Research (2011-2016): 6-7. James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen.

ELLIS, C.J. (2012) Lichens link European biodiversity science to climate change policy. The Parliament Magazine, 359: 22.

ELLIS, C.J. (2012) Scotland's rainforest epiphytes receive international attention. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 111: 61-64.

ELLIS, C.J. (2011) Conserving woodland biodiversity in a changing world - lichen epiphytes. In: Iason, G.R. (ed) Woodland Biodiversity: a summary of research outputs from the Scottish Government's 'Environment-Land Use and Rural Stewardship' research programme: 6-7. Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen.

Yahr, R. & ELLIS, C.J. (2009) Lichens in the attic. The Building Conservation Directory, 2009: 13-14.

ELLIS, C.J. (2009) Composition and diversity of lichen epiphytes on aspen. In: Parrott, J. & MacKenzie, N. (eds) Aspen in Scotland - biodiversity and management: 7-11. Highland Aspen Group.

ELLIS, C.J. (2008) A role for lichens in botanic gardens? Sibbbaldia, 6: 155-162.

ELLIS, C.J. (2008) The only constant is change: climate as an emerging feature in a lichenologist's worries. British Lichen Society Bulletin, 102: 60-66.

ELLIS, C.J. (2008) Using species records in conservation research. Recorder News (BRISC), 70: 10-11.

ELLIS, C.J. & Gibby, M. (2007) Research on biodiversity and climate change at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. BGJournal, Journal of the Botanic Gardens Conservation International, 4 (2): 22-25.

ELLIS, C.J. (2006) Two-in-one: the remarkable lives of lichens. Botanics, 24: 8-9.

Cosgrove, P., Amphlett, A., Emmett, E., Elliott, A., ELLIS, C., Prescott, T & Watson Featherstone, A. (2006) Aspen: Britain's missing Boreal forest link. British Wildlife, 17: 107-115.

ELLIS, C.J. (2005) The changing tundra - palaeoecology in the High Arctic. Meridian, Fall/Winter 2005: 13-20.

Policy and Conservation Reports

Brooker, R.W., Brewer, M., Britton, A.J., Eastwood, A., ELLIS, C., Gimona, A., Poggio, L., Genney, D.R. (2016) Feasibility study: translocation of species for the establishment or protection of populations in northerly and/or montane environments. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 913.

ELLIS, C.J., Theodoropoulos, M., Eaton, S. & Mulcahy, H. (2016) Woodland composition,
climate change and the long-term resilience of lichen epiphytes at Glasdrum NNR
. Scottish
Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 895.

ELLIS, C.J. (2014) Generalist species more able to cope than specialist species - snow-bed species. ClimateXChange Report for the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Programme.

ELLIS, C.J. (2014) Species unable to track changing climate space - ancient woodland lichens. ClimateXChange Report for the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Programme.

ELLIS, C.J., Eaton, S. & Theodoropoulos, M. (2014) Adaptive forest management and climate change - a new toolkit for Scotland's epiphytes. ClimateXChange Report for the Scottish Government.

Moffat, A.J., Nicoll, B., Beauchamp, K., ELLIS, C., Martin, S. & Moss, A. (2014) Scottish native woodland adaptation - the potential use of a flexible adaptation pathways (FAP) framework. ClimateXChange Report for the Scottish Government.

Mitchell, R.J., Broome, A., Harmer, R., Beaton, J.K., Bellamy, P.E., Brooker, R.W., Duncan, R., ELLIS, C.J., Hester, A.J., Hodgetts, N.G., Iason, G.R., Littlewood, N.A., Mackinnon, M. Pakeman, R., Pozsgai, G., Ramsey, S., Riach, D., Stockan, J.A., Taylor, A.F.S. & Woodward, S. 2014. Assessing and addressing the impacts of ash dieback on UK woodlands and trees of conservation importance (Phase 2). Natural England Commissioned Reports No. 151.

Mitchell, R.J., Bailey, S., Beaton, J.K., Bellamy, P.E., Brooker, R.W, Broome, A., Chetcuti, J., Eaton, S., ELLIS, C.J., Farren, J., Gimona, A., Goldberg, E., Hall, J., Harmer, R., Hester, A.J., Hewison, R.L., Hodgetts, N.G, Hooper, R.J., Howe, L., Iason, G.R., Kerr, G., Littlewood, N.A., Morgan, V., Newey, S., Potts, J.M, Pozsgai, G., Ray, D., Sim, D.A., Stockan, J.A., Taylor, A.F.S, Taylor, P. & Woodward, S. (2014) The Potential Ecological Impact of Ash Dieback in the UK. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Commissioned Report No. 483.

Brooker, R., Aalders, I., Ballingall, K., Begg, G., Nick, A., Birch, E., Elliott, G., ELLIS, C., Freitag, T., Hawes, C., Holland, J., Holmes, B., Hough, R., Karley, A., McCracken, D., Mitchell, R., Stockan, J., Zadoks, R., Albon, S., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (2013) Biotic and Biophysical Underpinning of Ecosystem Services in the Scottish Context: A Review. RESAS Work Programmes Theme 1 Report.

Brooker, R., Ahrends, A., Bailey, D., Brewer, M., Brown, I., Castellazzi, M., Gimona, A., ELLIS, C., Harding, A., Harrison, P., Hopkins, C., Moss, A., Muir, M. & Poggio, L. (2013) Climate Change Risk-Based Assessment for Notifiable Features in Scotland. ClimateXChange Interim Report to SNH.

ELLIS, C.J. (2013) Implications of Climate Change for UK Bryophytes and Lichens. Living With Environmental Change - Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Impacts Report Card 2012-2013.

ELLIS, C.J. (2011) Lichens. In: Norris, K. (ed.) Biodiversity in the Context of Ecosystem Services - UK National Ecosystem Assessment (Chapter 4): 82-83. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.

ELLIS, C.J. & Hope, J.C.E. (2011) Lichen Epiphyte Dynamics in Scottish Atlantic Oakwoods: the effect of tree age and historical continuity. SNH Commissioned Report No. 426.

Yahr, R. & ELLIS, C.J. (2010) Taxonomy as a Science for Scotland's Future. Knowledge Scotland Research Briefing.

Crabtree, D. & ELLIS, C.J. (2009) Monitoring Ground-layer Lichen Communities in the Cairngorms: a base-line study to assess climate change impacts. Unpublished Report - Cairngorms National Park Authority.

Matthews, R., Newton, A., ELLIS, C., Moran, D., Glasbey, C. & Skuce, P. (2008) Integrating Climate Change Research across the Main Research Providers in Scotland. Discussion Paper - RERAD Work Programmes Cross-cutting Themes.

Academic Career

2012- : Head of Cryptogamic Botany, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, U.K.
2006-2012: Ecologist (Cryptogamic Botany), Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, U.K.
2003-2006: Conservation Officer, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, U.K.
2001-2003: Research Fellow, University of Nottingham, U.K.
1999-2001: Post-doctoral Scholarship, Université Laval, Québec.

Graduate & Post-graduate Supervision

PhD
Kristine Bogomazova (2017) -
Identification of Species Limits: Clarifying the Taxonomy and Ecology of BAP Lichens.
Sally Eaton (2016) -
Achieving Landscape-Scale Conservation of Scotland's Rainforest Epiphytes.
Oana Iacob (2014) -
Natural Flood Management as a Climate Change Adaptation Option in Scotland using an Ecosystem Based Adaptation Approach.
Emma Goodyer (2013) -
Environmental Response of Desmids in Scotland's Blanket Mires.
Chantel Davies (2011) -
Lichen Diversity on Scottish Aspen: A Component of the Extended Phenotype.

MSc
Hannah Mulcahy (2014) -
Reconstructing Woodland History in Glasdrum National Nature Reserve, Glen Creran.
Laura Stoddart (2012) -
Estimating the Realised Ecological Niche for Difficult to Identify Species: A Case Study for the Lichen Genus Lepraria Ach.
Richard Whittet (2012)
Error Rates in the Ancient Woodland Inventory and Methods for the Assessment of Ecological Continuity.
Laura Williams (2011) -
Habitat and Dispersal Constraints on the Distribution of Scotland's Oceanic Lichen Epiphytes.
Verena Blasy (2010) -
Life on the Deadwood: Patterns of Lichen and Bryophyte Community Structure on Stumps in a Caledonian Pine Forest.
David Braidwood (2010) -
Testing the Hypothesis of Climatic Equilibrium: Lichens in Britain and North America.
Sally Eaton (2009) -
Population Dynamics of Lobaria pulmonaria in the Atlantic hazelwoods of western Scotland.
Dafydd Crabtree (2008) -
Effects of Climate Change on Montane Indicator Lichen Species.
Vivyan Lisewski (2008) -
Response of Lichen Species to Environmental Factors Operating at Multiple Spatial Scales.
Jason Lewis (2007) -
Functional Rules and Species Traits Related to Epiphyte Community Succession in Mixed Aged Woodlands.
Mark Binder (2006)
Ecological Analysis of the 'Near Threatened' Lichen Epiphyte Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) Gray in the British Isles.

BSc
Kathryn Elliott (2013) -
Causes for Differing Bark Microhabitats and Implications for Biodiversity.
Emma Goodyer (2009) -
Response of Lichens with Contrasting Growth-Form to a Standard Wetting-Drying Cycle.

Current teaching

MSc Plant Taxonomy and Biodiversity - Lichenology (University of Edinburgh)
BSc 2nd Year, Principles of Ecology -
The Ecological Niche (University of Edinburgh)
Ad hoc workshops/excursions in lichenology (e.g. for the University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Natural History Society et al.)

Grants & Awards

Over £25,000

2016 - Scottish Government, £55,582: Climate Change Centre of Expertise 2016/17: 'Climate Change Adaptation - baselines and indicators' (# A13647028)
2014
- Living with Environmental Change, £201,286: Co-PI share in consortium grant of £1.4 million, 'Promoting Resilience of UK Tree Species to Novel Pests and Pathogens: Ecological and Evolutionary Solutions (PROTREE)' (# BB/L012243/1)
2013 - Scottish Natural Heritage, £51,981: PhD studentship, 'Achieving Landscape-scale Conservation of Scotland's Lichen Epiphytes'
2012 - European Commission, €200,372 (Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship): 'Ecological Process and Climate Change (EPACS)' (FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IEF: 299330)
2011 - Scottish Government, £536,422: Co-PI share in consortium grant of £4.2 million (Climate Change Centre of Expertise), 'Climate Change Adaptation – baselines and indicators' (# RBG/856/11)
2011 - Scottish Government, £64,548: Co-PI share in consortium grant of £4.2 million (Climate Change Centre of Expertise), 'Risk and Uncertainty – Biodiversity' (# RBG/857/11)
2010 - Esmée Fairbairn Foundation, £102,352: research grant (Biodiversity Strand), 'Classification and Conservation Assessment of Lichen Communities' (# 09-3187)
2009 - Scottish Natural Heritage, £48,000: PhD studentship, 'Quantifying the Climate Change Response of Micro-Organism (Desmid) Diversity in Scotland's Blanket Mires' (# SNH-SEPA-09)
2008 - Scottish Natural Heritage, £45,000: research grant, 'Measuring the Diversity of Lichen Epiphytes in an Atlantic Oakwood Chronosequence' (# ref-25469)
2007 - The Leverhulme Trust, £107,309: research grant, 'Britain's Lost Biodiversity - A Unique Baseline for Environmental Recovery' (# F/00 771/B)

Small grants (< £25,000)

2014 - Botanics Foundation, £24,000: Co-PI contribution to collaborative grant of £90,000 shared with the James Hutton Institute and University of Aberdeen, 'Identification of species limits: clarifying taxonomy and ecology of BAP lichens' (# SR 277)
2014
- Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JHI sub-contract), £2548: technical report, 'Assessing and addressing the impacts of ash dieback on UK woodlands and trees of conservation importance - phase 2' (# J610247)
2013 - Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JHI sub-contract), £2687: technical report, 'Ash dieback - impacts on species which depend on, or are associated with, Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) - lichens' (# C12-0229-0630)
2012 - Living with Environmental Change / DEFRA, £3000: technical report, 'Climate change impacts on terrestrial biodiversity - lichens and bryophytes' (# SC - LWEC)
2012 - The British Lichen Society, £1470: supporting the Special Symposium in The Conservation Biology of Boreal and Temperate Rainforests, 3rd European Congress of Conservation Biology, Glasgow (# SC / BLS-2012)
2012 - The Sibbaled Trust, £1548: supporting the Special Symposium in The Conservation Biology of Boreal and Temperate Rainforests, 3rd European Congress of Conservation Biology, Glasgow (# SC / SIB-2012)
2011 - The British Lichen Society, £500: travel grant, International Association of Lichenology VII, Bangkok (# SC / BLS-2011)
2008 - The Sibbald Trust, £950: travel grant for invited international speaker, British Lichen Society Swinscow Lecture (# SC / SIB-2008)
2008 - Cairngorms National Park Authority, £4500: research grant, 'Long-term monitoring of lichen indicators in montane heathland' (# LAG-029)
2005 - The Royal Society, £602: conference grant, 'Conservation ecology of cryptogams', Sweden (# 2005.R3)
2005 - Botanic Garden National Membership Board, £2500: small project grant, 'The ecology and conservation of epiphytes in juniper scrub' (# CF-095)
2002 - The Royal Society, £610: travel grant, International Mycological Congress VII, Oslo (# 27457/022/H4)
2000 - Polar Continental Shelf Project, $CAN 11,200: fieldwork support, 'Holocene climate change and the development of peat-forming High Arctic wetland' (# 647-00)
1998 - NERC, £4800: support for 12 radiocarbon-dates, 'Development and erosion of British blanket mire' (# 739/0498)
1997 - NERC, £2800: support for 8 radiocarbon-dates, 'Development and erosion of British blanket mire' (# 700/0697)

Qualifications

1999: PhD. Environmental Biology, University of Manchester, U.K.
1995: MSc.
Natural Resource Management, University of Leicester, U.K.
1994: BSc.
Ecology, University of Leeds, U.K.

Affiliations

2005- : International Association of Lichenology (Regional Advisor (UK), 2009- )
2005- : Edinburgh Natural History Society (Council Member, 2007-2010)
2003- : British Lichen Society (Secretary, 2010-; Ordinary Council Member, 2006-2009)
1995- : British Ecological Society