Adiantum siamense Tagawa & K.Iwats.

Etymology

According to Holttum (1954), the botanical name, Adiantum (unwetted) refers to the way in which water-drops run off the surface of the pinnae without wetting them.

Family

Pteridaceae, subfamily Vittarioideae

Nomenclature

Adiantum siamense Tagawa & K.Iwats., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 25: 20. 1971; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 213. 1985; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 118. 2000.

Description

Lithophytic. Rhizome short, erect, scaly at apex; scales linear, up to 4 mm long, 0.1–0.2 mm broad, nearly black with paler brownish edge when young. Stipes 1.3–6.5 cm long, dark castaneous to nearly black, polished, glabrous except for the scaly base or with occasional long hair. Laminae narrowly lanceolate, 7–30 by 1.7–3.5 cm (not including prolonged apex); rachis thin, glabrous, sometimes prolonged and proliferous; pinnae 9–32 pairs, with stalks of 1–1.5 mm long; middle ones the largest, straight or curved in dimidiate lower edges, subtruncate in inner edge, forming angles of 60–90° to lower edge, round and lobed at apex, straight or slightly round and lobed at upper edge, 0.7–1.7 by 0.5–1.1 cm; lower ones smaller and more or less deflexed; lobes round or quadrangular, sinus to 1/4 way between upper and lower edges, the middle sinus sometimes to half-way towards costa; softly papyraceous, glaucous beneath, sparsely hairy with 2–4 celled, brown or white, rather setose hairs up to 1.5 mm in length, mainly at margins; veins dense, distinct on upper surface. Sori to seven for each leaflet, one for each lobe, separated from the next by sinus; indusia narrow, up to 2 mm long, 0.5 mm broad.

Distribution in Thailand

PENINSULAR: Nakhon Si Thammarat, Krabi.

Wider Distribution

Endemic to Thailand

Ecology

On limestone cliffs in light shade at low altitudes.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Endangered EN B1ab(ii)(iii). This species is confined to karst limestone, a habitat that is often exploited for cement production or degraded due to fire in surrounded farmland or recreational use.  Although the exact Extent of Occurrence is unknown it is clearly is less than 5,000 km2, justifying an endangeredcategory.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 5386, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Ban Tham (E).

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Young frond

Young frond

Upper surface of pinnae

Upper surface of pinnae

Rachis and pinnae

Rachis and pinnae

Pinnae from beneath

Pinnae from beneath

Frond with prolonged apex

Frond with prolonged apex

Frond without prolonged apex

Frond without prolonged apex

Sori

Sori

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