Adiantum soboliferum Wall. ex Hook.

Etymology

According to Holttum (1954), the botanical name, Adiantum (unwetted) refers to the way in which water-drops run off the surface of the pinnae without wetting them.

Family

Pteridaceae, subfamily Vittarioideae

Nomenclature

Adiantum soboliferum Wall. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 2: 13, t. 74A. 1851; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 181. 1940; Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya ed. 1, 2: 598. 1955 [‘1954’]; Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 6: 820. 1957; Seidenf., Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 19: 87. 1958; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 109. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 211, f. 16.2. 1985; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 118. 2000. – Adiantum caudatum var. soboliferum (Hook.) Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 84. 1883.

Description

Terrestrial or lithophytic. Rhizome erect, with dark brown linear-lanceolate scales; scales linear, 5–7 mm long, concolorous golden brown, margins entire. Stipes and rachis shiny, dark brown to black, scaly at base, otherwise glabrous, 8–18 cm long, narrowly winged throughout with wing c. 0.7 mm broad; old stipes and rachises persistent. Laminae mid green above, slightly paler beneath, 9–35 by 3.5–7 cm, thin, rachis and pinna-stalk rather densely hairy on upper surface, lamina glabrous; pinnae 5–15 pairs, stalks 1–8 mm long, dimidiate and almost oblong, 2–3.8 x 0.9–1.9 cm, reducing in size towards apex, upper margin 4–7-lobed, lower margin slightly incurved, inner margin straight; veins dichotomously branching, distinctly raised on lower surface. Sori 3–8 per pinna, false indusia green when young. Bulbil rarely present at tip of frond .

Distribution in Thailand

NORTHERN: Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Lampang, Tak; NORTH-EASTERN: Loei; EASTERN: Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima; SOUTH-WESTERN: Prachuap Khiri Khan; CENTRAL: Nakhon Nayok; SOUTH-EASTERN: Chanthaburi; PENINSULAR: Surat Thani, Trang, Satun.

Distribution in Laos

Champasak.

Distribution in Cambodia

Rattanakiri

Wider Distribution

India, S China, Taiwan, Indochina, throughout Malesia to the Pacific tropics.

Ecology

On rather dry ground in deciduous or evergreen forests at low or medium altitudes.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This species is common and widespread.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 4973, Mae Hong Son, Tham Lot cave area (E); Middleton et al. 4507, Chiang Mai, Doi Inthanon National Park (E); Middleton et al. 4816, Lamphun, Mae Ping National Park (E); Van Beusekom et al. 4130, Chaiyaphum, Nam Phrom (P).

Voucher specimens - Laos

Thorel s.n., Champasak, Kong (P).

Voucher specimens - Cambodia

Maxwell 01-249, Rattanakiri, Lom Pat, Yak Ohm (CMU).

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Rhizome

Rhizome

Rhizome scales

Rhizome scales

Frond

Frond

Winged stipe

Winged stipe

Winged rachis and upper surface of pinnae

Winged rachis and upper surface of pinnae

Winged rachis and base of pinnae

Winged rachis and base of pinnae

Winged rachis

Winged rachis

Pinnae

Pinnae

Pinna

Pinna

Young sori

Young sori

Site hosted by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Content managed by Stuart Lindsay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore and David Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens. Last updated 16 November 2016.