Belvisia spicata (L.f.) Mirbel ex Copel.

Family

Polypodiaceae

Nomenclature

Belvisia spicata (L.f.) Mirbel ex Copel., Gen. Fil.: 192. 1947; Hovenkamp & Franken, Fl. Males., Ser. II, Ferns and Fern Allies 3: 31. 1998; Boonkerd et al., Thai For. Bull. (Bot.) 32: 9. 2004; Boonkerd & Pollwatn, Nat. Hist. J. Chulalongkorn Univ. 6: 22. 2006. – Acrostichum spicatum L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 444. 1781. – Schizaea spicata (L.f.) Sm., Mém. Acad. Sci. Turin 5: 43. 1793. – Onoclea spicata (L.f.) Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(2): 299. 1801.– Gymnopteris spicata (L.f.) C.Presl, Tent. 244, t. 11, f. 7. 1836; Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 432, f. 261. 1883. – Hymenolepis spicata (L.f.) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot.: 159. 1851 [‘1849’]. – Taenitis spicata (L.f.) Mett. in Miq., Ann. Mus. Not. Lugd.-Bat. 4: 173. 1869. – Macroplethus spicata (L.f.) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 235. 1942. – Lepisorus spicatus (L.f.) Li Wang, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 162(1): 35. 2010. – Type: Mauritius, Commerson s.n. (P).

Belvisia revoluta (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil.: 192. 1947; Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya ed. 1, 2: 155, f. 67. 1955 [‘1954’]; Holttum, Dansk Bot. Ark. 20: 19. 1961; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 50. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 521. 1989; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 245, 246, 264. 2000. – Hymenolepis revoluta Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae: 201. 1828; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 452. 1941.

Description

Epiphytic. Rhizome short creeping, 2–5 mm diam., bearing many closely spaced fronds, densely scaly; scales oblong-subtriangular, gradually narrowing from base towards apex, round at base, attenuate at apex, entire, about 1.7–3(–4.1) by 1–1.5 mm, the central portion dark with thick internal walls; the marginal portion consisting of smaller cells with thinner internal walls, thus paler in colour. Stipes 0.5–5 cm long, not distinct from the midribs of laminae, narrowly winged on the upper portion, stramineous to pale castaneous, scaly at base. Laminae linear-lanceolate, usually broadest at middle portion, attenuate towards both ends, (8–)15–25(–30) cm long in sterile portion, (0.3–)1–2.5 cm broad, the margin more or less revolute; softly chartaceous; veins hardly visible, copiously anastomosing; fertile portion linear, with distinct constriction at base, up to 15 by 0.3 cm broad, covered wholly with sporangia except on the midribs and margin .

Distribution in Thailand

NORTHERN: Tak; NORTH-EASTERN: Loei; EASTERN: Nakhon Ratchasima; SOUTH-WESTERN: Kanchanaburi; CENTRAL: Nakhon Nayok; PENINSULAR: Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang, Yala.

Wider Distribution

Tropics of Asia, from Sri Lanka to Tahiti.

Ecology

On tree trunks in forests at medium to high altitudes.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This species is widespread and not under any known threats.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 5650, Nakhon Nayok, Khao Yai National Park, summit of Khao Kieo (E).

Habit

Habit

Rhizome

Rhizome

Young fertile section

Young fertile section

Young fertile section

Young fertile section

Frond apex with mature sori

Frond apex with mature sori

Sori

Sori

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