Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm.

Family

Cibotiaceae

Nomenclature

Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm., Lond. J. Bot. 1: 437. 1842; Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 24, f. 8. 188; Christ, Bot. Tidsskr. 24: 111. 1901; C.Chr., Bot. Tidsskr. 32: 341. 1916; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 78, f. 10.6–7. 1939; Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya ed. 1, 2: 114, f. 45. 1955 [‘1954’]; Holttum, Dansk Bot. Ark. 20: 18. 1961; Holttum, Dansk Bot. Ark. 23: 229. 1965; Holttum, Fl. Males., Ser. II, Pterid. 1: 165, f. 33a–c. 1963; Ching, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 2: 197. 1959; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 45. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Acta Phytotax, Geobot 23: 52. 1968; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 109, f. 6.8–10. 1979; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 42, 90. 2000; Dy Phon, Dictionary of Plants used in Cambodia: 153. 2000; Newman et al., Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Lao PDR: 25. 2007; Nor-Ezzawanis, Fl. Pen. Malaysia, Ser. I, Ferns & Lycoph. 1: 120, f. 1. 2010. – Polypodium barometz L., Sp. Pl. 1092. 1753. – Type: Linnaeus, China (type material not traced - see Jarvis, Order Out of Chaos, p759. 2007).

Description

Rhizome massive, prostrate, very densely covered with golden yellow hairs. Stipes thick, sometimes attaining 2 cm diam., more than 1.5 m long in larger ones, densely covered with shining, golden yellow, long (more than 4 cm long in some larger ones), slender or warty hairs at base, the hairs on upper parts not so dense, brown to darker, setose, gradually becoming shorter upwards; lamina large, up to 2 m in length, more than 1 m in width, bipinnate; pinnae many, the largest ones up to 75 cm long, 25 cm wide, with numerous pinnules; pinnules deeply pinnatifid throughout, very shortly stalked or subsessile at posterior parts of pinnae, linear-lanceolate, gradually narrowing towards acuminate apex, broadly cuneate to subtruncate at base, 10–15 cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm wide; ultimate segments oblong, oblique to subfalcate, acute at apex, shallowly but distinctly dentate at margin, glaucous on lower surface, 0.8–1.4 cm long, about 3 mm broad, with intervals of 4 mm between the adjacent costules; costae and costules covered with pale, entangled, flaccid, appressed hairs below; veins distinct, once (or twice in larger lobes) forked, sparsely hairy below. Sori terminal on usually unbranched lower veins, parallel to edge of lobes, protected by two indusia; outer indusia round, inner ones elongate at maturity, oblong .

Distribution in Thailand

NORTHERN: Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lampang, Phitsanulok; NORTH-EASTERN: Phetchabun, Loei; EASTERN: Nakhon Ratchasima; SOUTH-WESTERN: Phetchaburi; CENTRAL: Nakhon Nayok; SOUTH-EASTERN: Chanthaburi, Trat; PENINSULAR: Ranong, Yala.

Distribution in Laos

Attapeu, Hua Phan, Khammouane, Luang Phrabang, Salavan, Xieng Khouang.

Distribution in Cambodia

Kampot

Wider Distribution

Himalayas to S China and Taiwan, south to W Malesia, north to the Ryukyus.

Ecology

On open hill slopes and stream banks in tropical evergreen forest at 500–800 m alt., and in lower montane forest at 1000–1500 m alt.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This species is widespread and not under any immediate known threat.

Notes

Locally used for medicine, especially the silky hairs on the buds which are used for fresh wounds.

Habit

Habit

Hairs on rhizome and stipe bases

Hairs on rhizome and stipe bases

Stipe

Stipe

Cross section through stipe

Cross section through stipe

Frond

Frond

Frond

Frond

Frond apex

Frond apex

Pinnae from beneath

Pinnae from beneath

Pinnae from beneath

Pinnae from beneath

Venation

Venation

Lower surface of pinnae and pinna rachis

Lower surface of pinnae and pinna rachis

Lower surface of pinnae

Lower surface of pinnae

Sori

Sori

Sori

Sori

Young sori

Young sori

Site hosted by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Content managed by Stuart Lindsay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore and David Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens. Last updated 16 November 2016.