Cyclosorus rubicundus (Alderw.) S.Linds.

Family

Thelypteridaceae

Nomenclature

Cyclosorus rubicundus (Alderw.) S.Linds., Edinburgh J. Bot. 66: 359. 2009. – Phegopteris rubicunda Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg Ser.3, 2: 162. 1920. – Abacopteris rubicunda (Alderw.) Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya ed. 1, 2: 292. 1955 [‘1954’]. – Thelypteris rubicunda (Alderw.) K.Iwats., Mem. Coll. Sci. Univ. Kyoto B, 31: 195. 1965. – Pronephrium rubicundum (Alderw.) Holttum, Blumea 20: 123. 1972; Holttum, Fl. Males., Ser. II, Pterid. 1: 536, f. 1o, 16a–d. 1982 [‘1981’]; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 227. 2000. – Type: Sumatra, Lebong Tandai, Brooks 232/S (BO; BM).

Description

Description adapted from Holttum, Fl. Males., Ser. II, Pterid. 1: 536. 1982 [‘1981’].
Rhizome short creeping, to 8 mm diameter, bearing hooked hairs. Young plants bearing simple fronds up to 30 x 12 cm, sometimes with fertile ones 20 x 5 cm; later fronds on these plants having lateral pinnae, the apical lamina progressively smaller. Stipes 20–30 cm long on sterile fronds, to 70 cm on largest fertile ones, base bearing thin narrow scales to c. 8 x 1 mm with a variable number of hooked hairs on them, above base ± flushed with dull red and bearing sparse pale short hooked hairs. Laminae 20–35 cm long, firm, drying dull reddish, consisting of an apical segment and 1–3 pairs of opposite pinnae, rarely simple; no buds at bases of pinnae; all pinnae asymmetric, broader on basiscopic side of costa than on acroscopic; basal pinnae short-stalked. Apical lamina of fronds with 3 pairs of pinnae 15–20 x 5–8 cm (proportion of length to width very variable), base broadly rounded to broadly cuneate, apex short-acuminate, edges entire to rather strongly undulate. Largest pinnae usually at a wide angle to rachis, 10–24 x 3–7 cm, widest about the middle or sometimes above the middle, base cuneate to rounded, apex abruptly caudate (cauda commonly to 2 cm long), edges entire (sterile) or undulate (most fertile ones); costules 3.5 mm apart (fertile) or 4.5 mm (sterile); veins 12–15 pairs, slightly prominent on lower surface, where sterile at 45° to costules, where fertile closer and almost at right angles to costules, excurrent veinlets all free; lower surface of rachis and costae sparsely to rather copiously hairy, most abundantly on young plants, hairs all hooked, similar hairs sometimes present on surface between veins; upper surface of rachis and costae bearing ± abundant pale hooked hairs less than 0.5 mm long. Sori medial, ± elongate, those on connivent veins often uniting; sometimes some sporangia with 2 hooked hairs distally, hairs on stalk not seen; spores with rather narrow wing and a few cross-wings.

Distribution in Thailand

PENINSULAR: Phatthalung, Yala, Narathiwat.

Wider Distribution

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra.

Ecology

Primary forest.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This species is widespread and not under any known threat.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 5415, Phatthalung, Lan Mom Jui Waterfall (E); Sangkhachand 1388, Yala, Bannang Sata (K).

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit (simple fronds)

Habit (simple fronds)

Habit (simple fronds)

Habit (simple fronds)

Rhizome

Rhizome

Crozier

Crozier

Venation

Venation

Mature sori

Mature sori

Site hosted by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Content managed by Stuart Lindsay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore and David Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens. Last updated 16 November 2016.