Hypodematium crenatum (Forssk.) Kuhn
Hypodematium crenatum (Forssk.) Kuhn, Deck. Reis. Bot. 3: 37. 1879; Ching, Sunyatsenia 3: 9, f. 1. 1935; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 374, f. 32.3 & 32.4. 1941; Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya ed. 1, 2: 501, f. 295. 1955 [‘1954’]; Holttum, Dansk Bot. Ark. 23:238. 1965; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 106. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 437. 1988; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 197. 2000. – Polypodium crenatum Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab.: 185. 1775. – Lastrea crenata (Forssk.) Bedd., Suppl. Ferns Brit. Ind.: 18. 1876; Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 258. 1883.
Rhizome short creeping, bearing close fronds, densely scaly; scales oblong-lanceolate, about 25 by 2.5 mm, concolorous, brown, entire. Stipes up to 50 cm long, green to stramineous, densely setose-hairy. Frond oblong-subdeltoid, widest at base, up to 55 by 45 cm, quadripinnatifid at basal pinnae; rachis deeply grooved, the grooves open at junction of costa; pinnae subtriangular, the upper ones gradually becoming smaller; ultimate segments oblong, adnate at base, moderately acute to subtruncate at apex, lobed with oblong, oblique lobes; softly papyraceous; veins pinnate, reaching the margin of lobes, all free; hairs dense on every part of frond, setose, about 5 mm long. Sori dorsal on veinlets, rather close to costules; indusia round-reniform or horse-shoe-shaped, about 1 mm broad, white to slightly greyish, margin entire, densely setose-hairy .
Distribution in Thailand
NORTHERN: Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lampang; SOUTH-WESTERN: Kanchanaburi.
Throughout the warmer parts of the Old World S & E Africa, Cape Verde Islands, Mauritius, Arabia, N India, N Vietnam, S & Central China, Taiwan, Philippines, Peninsular Malaysia, Pacific Islands and as far north as Japan (subsp. fauriei).
In crevices of rather moist limestone cliffs in mixed forests at medium to high altitudes.
Tectaria tenerifrons (Hook.) Ching
Tectaria manilensis (C.Presl) Holttum
Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment
Least Concern (LC). This species is widespread and not under any known threat.
Voucher specimens - Thailand
Middleton et al. 4985, Chiang Mai, Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary (E).
Base of stipe and scales
Rachis and bases of pinnae
Lower surface of pinna
Lower surface of pinnules with sori
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