Leptochilus ellipticus (Thunb.) Noot.

Family

Polypodiaceae

Nomenclature

Leptochilus ellipticus (Thunb.) Noot., Blumea 42: 283. 1997; Nooteboom, Fl. Males., Ser. II, Ferns and Fern Allies 3: 85. 1998. – Polypodium ellipticum Thunb., Fl. Jap.: 335. 1784. – Selliguea elliptica (Thunb.) Bedd., Ferns Brit. Ind. Index. 1870; Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 392. 1883. – Pleopeltis elliptica (Thunb.) Alderw., Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 27: 12. 1909. – Colysis elliptica (Thunb.) Ching, Bull. Fan. Mem. Inst. Biol. 4: 333. 1933; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 497. 1941; Holttum, Dansk Bot. Ark. 20: 19. 1961. – Type: Thunberg s.n.

Hemionitis pothifolia D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 13. 1825. – Colysis pothifolia (D.Don) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot.: 148. 1851 [‘1849’]; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 55. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 540. 1989; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 265. 2000. – Colysis elliptica var. pothifolia (D.Don) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4: 334. 1933; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 498. 1941. – Leptochilus pothifolius (D.Don) Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes : 60. 2008.

Gymnogramma pentaphylla Baker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1898: 233. 1898. – Colysis pentaphylla (Baker) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst Biol. 3: 332. 1933; Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 38: 328. 1963; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 55. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 540, f. 54.4 & 54.5. 1989; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 265. 2000; Newman et al., Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Lao PDR: 29. 2007.

Polypodium dissimiliatum Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 14: 155. 1924. – Colysis dissimiliata (Bonap.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4: 330. 1933; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 497. 1941.

Colysis flexiloba var. undulato-repanda auct. non (C.Chr.) Ching: Mitsuta, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36: 148. 1985.

Description

Rhizome creeping, about 5 mm diam., bearing fronds 0.8–4 cm apart, scaly; scales pseudopeltate, ovate or triangular, gradually narrowing from round base towards long-acuminate apex, irregularly minutely toothed at margin, or subentire in young stage, up to 2.5–8 by 0.5–2 mm, concolorously brown, clathrate. Fronds not or only very slightly dimorphic. Stipes stramineous, brown at base, sparsely scaly on lower, portion, up to 5–40(–56) cm long, terete. Laminae pinnatifid to pinnate, imparipinnate, broadly ovate-subdeltoid to circular in outline, (12–)15–35(–60) by (12–)20–35(–50) cm; lateral pinnae 2–12 free pairs, nearly equal in size, or the upper one or two slightly reduced, narrowly lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, broadest around middle, caudately acuminate at apex, narrowly cuneate towards base, 8.5–20(–26) by 0.8–3(–4.5) cm broad, the base decurrent to form very narrow wing of rachis; veins more or less obscure, forming two rows of areoles between adjacent main veins; herbaceous. Sori linear; continuous along a line between two rows of areoles, sometimes lacking on part near margin. Spores monolete .

Distribution in Thailand

NORTHERN: Chiang Mai, Lampang, Phitsanulok; NORTH-EASTERN: Loei; SOUTH-WESTERN: Kanchanaburi, Phetchaburi.

Distribution in Laos

Hua Phan, Khammouane, Xieng Khouang.

Wider Distribution

NE India, Nepal, S China (Yunnan), Korea (Quelpart Island), S Japan, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Philippines.

Ecology

On mountain-slopes usually in dense forests at high altitudes, 1100–1600 m; rather rare.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This species is widespread and not under any known threat.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 4893, Chiang Mai, Doi Inthanon National Park (E); Middleton et al. 5057, Chiang Mai, Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park (E); Middleton et al. 5145, Loei, Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary (E); Middleton et al. 5120, Loei, Phu Suan Sai National Park (E).

Habit

Habit

Rhizome

Rhizome

Rhizome and scales

Rhizome and scales

Cross section through rhizome

Cross section through rhizome

Whole plant variegated form

Whole plant variegated form

Rachis and upper frond surface

Rachis and upper frond surface

Venation

Venation

Sori

Sori

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