Pyrrosia porosa (C.Presl) Hovenkamp var. tonkinensis (Giesenh.) Hovenkamp

Family

Polypodiaceae

Nomenclature

Pyrrosia porosa (C.Presl) Hovenkamp var. tonkinensis (Giesenh.) Hovenkamp, Blumea 30: 208. 1984; Hovenkamp, Leiden Bot. Ser. 9: 29. 1986. – Niphobolus tonkinensis Giesenh., Nipholobus: 144. 1901. – Pyrrosia tonkinensis (Giesenh.) Ching, Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 55. 1935; Tardieu & C.Chr. in Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 506. 1941; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 48. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 501, f. 50.6. 1989; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 288. 2000; Newman et al., Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Lao PDR: 30. 2007.

Description

Rhizome creeping, about 2 mm diam., bearing fronds rather closely spaced, densely scaly except in older portion; scales oblong-subulate, long-tailed at apex, up to 4 by 1 mm, dark brown to nearly black in central portion, brown in other parts, thin, ciliate to dentate. Fronds simple. Stipes not distinct with wings decurrent from laminae. Laminae linear, up to 30 cm long, commonly up to 7 mm but rarely up to 21 mm broad, gradually narrowing towards both apex and base; midrib grooved or planate on upper surface, raised beneath, glabrescent; fleshy, rather leathery, veins invisible, upper surface stellate hairy or glabrescent, lower surface covered with two kinds of hairs, the lower grey appressed hairs and the upper pale stellate hairs with short stalks. Sori on the whole lower surface of upper half of fronds, covered with stellate hairs when young.

Distribution in Thailand

NORTHERN: Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun; NORTH-EASTERN: Loei; EASTERN: Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima; SOUTH-WESTERN: Kanchanaburi.

Distribution in Laos

Xieng Khouang.

Wider Distribution

From India to Japan, Taiwan, Indochina and the Philippines.

Ecology

On mossy tree trunks or on rocks usually in mountain forests at high altitudes (600–1600 m), rather rare.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This variety is widespread and not under any known threat.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 4959, Mae Hong Son, Ban Mae Yom Noi (E); Middleton et al. 5008 & 5009, Chiang Mai, Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary (E).

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Whole plant

Whole plant

Rhizome and stipes

Rhizome and stipes

Upper surface of frond with hydathodes

Upper surface of frond with hydathodes

Midrib on lower surface of frond

Midrib on lower surface of frond

Lower surface of frond with sori

Lower surface of frond with sori

Young sori

Young sori

Lower surface of frond with mature sori

Lower surface of frond with mature sori

Site hosted by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Content managed by Stuart Lindsay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore and David Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens. Last updated 16 November 2016.