Tectaria phanomensis S.Linds.

Family

Tectariaceae

Nomenclature

Tectaria phanomensis S.Linds, Thai For. Bull. (Bot.) 36: 49. 2008.

Description

Fern growing in limestone crevice with ascending rhizome; rhizome densely covered in scales. Scales yellow-brown to dark brown, widest at base, to 15 x 1.25 mm, thin, brittle, crisped, composed of long cells, with long slender twisted tip, margins entire. Stipes 40–48.5 cm long, 4 mm diameter, brown beneath, green above, scales dense near base or in lower half, becoming more scatter above, sometimes even onto rachis. Laminae triangular, to 63 x 65 cm, with c. 8 pairs of free pinnae and terminal section with gradually reducing pinnae decurrent into neighbour; basal pinna largest, stalked, 34–36 x 20–21 cm, strongly asymmetrical, basiscopic pinnules enlarged, with first 4–5 basiscopic pinnules much longer than corresponding acroscopic pinnules, first acroscopic pinnule sessile, 1.5–2 cm from rachis, first basiscopic pinnule with short stalk or not, 2.1–3.3 cm from rachis, remaining pinnules decurrent, eventually coadnate, pinna and pinnules acuminate; remaining pinnae to 10 cm apart, much narrower, pinnatifid, to 29 x 6 cm, lower pinnae on short stalks, gradually becoming sessile, eventually coadnate; veins forming costal areoles, otherwise free, running almost to margin, usually branched; costa and costules very densely covered in articulated orange hairs above, same but less dense beneath. Sori in 1–3 indistinct rows either side of costules, on veins, only occasionally terminal, exindusiate, 0.6–0.9 mm wide. Spores ellipsoidal, rugose .

Distribution in Thailand

PENINSULAR: Surat Thani.

Wider Distribution

Endemic to Thailand. Only known from Khlong Phanom National Park.

Ecology

In thin soil on a limestone cliff; altitude c. 100 m.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). The species is currently only known karst limestone in Khlong Phanom National Park, but this is a habitat that is extensive and well protected in this Park and in the contiguous and even larger Khao Sok National Park.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 4362 & 5552, Surat Thani, Khlong Phanom National Park (E).

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Stipe

Stipe

Frond

Frond

Frond

Frond

Frond apex

Frond apex

Upper surface of lamina showing hairy costae

Upper surface of lamina showing hairy costae

Upper surface of lamina

Upper surface of lamina

Venation

Venation

Lower surface of lamina

Lower surface of lamina

Lower surface of lamina with young sori

Lower surface of lamina with young sori

Sori

Sori

Sori

Sori

Site hosted by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Content managed by Stuart Lindsay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore and David Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens. Last updated 16 November 2016.