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Meetings of the BBS - 1920s


Annual Meeting 1923, Buxton, 3 - 10 August

The Annual Meeting and Excursion of the British Bryological Society was held at Buxton, Derbyshire, on August 3rd to 10th. There was a fairly good gathering in favourable weather; the more distant parts of the district were visited by parties in motors, and most of the interesting grounds explored. Dove Dale, Chee Dale, Burbage and Via Gellia yielded interesting mosses and hepatics, such as Amblystegium compactum Auct., Eurhynchium teesdalei Schimp., Trichostomum nitidum Schimp., T. mutabile cophocarpum Schimp., Weisia calcarea C.M., Seligeria pusilla B. & S., Barbula convoluta sardoa B. & S., Swartzia inclinata Ehrh., Scapania aspera Bernet, a peculiar form of S. curta (Mart.) Dum., Pedinophyllum interruptum (Nees) Pears., Cololejeunea calcarea (Lib.) Schiffn., C. rossettiana (Mass.) Schiffn., Plagiochila asplenioides humilis f. laxa Schiffn., Chiloscyphus pallescens (Ehrh.) Dum., Lophozia quinquedentata (Huds.) Cogn.,, L. turbinata (Raddi) Steph., L. badensis (Gott.) Schiffn., L. müelleri (Nees) Dum., Aplozia riparia (Tayl.) Dum., Pellia fabbroniana Raddi, Pallavicinia flotowiana (Nees) Lindb., Aneura major (Lindb.) K. Müll., A. pinguis angustior Hook., Metzgeria pubescens (Schrank) Raddi, M. conjugata Lindb., Preissia quadrata (Scop.) Nees, Riccia sorocarpa Bisch.

The next annual meeting and excursion of the Society will be held at Llanberis, at the foot of Snowdon, from August 29th to Sept. 5th, 1924.


Annual Meeting 1924, Llanberis, 29 August - 5 September

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at LIanberis, Carnarvonshire, under the presidency of Mr. H. N. Dixon, M.A., F.L.S., from August 29th to September 5th. There was a fair number present.

Saturday, 30th August, was devoted to exploring Cwm-y-Glô, which was near at hand, as the weather was not very favourable. Sunday afternoon was spent in Llanberis Pass in better weather conditions. Monday found the party exploring the Clogwyn precipices under Snowdon, and on Tuesday there was a drive in cars to Llyn Ogwen. The day was spent in Cwm Idwal around the lake and up to the foot of the Devil's Kitchen, some taking another route up Cwm Bochlwyd and clambering over the bleak, rocky heights of Glyder Fach. On Wednesday there was a long drive to Beddgelert. Some visited Pont Aberglaslyn and others climbed Moel'r Ogof. Thursday was spent working round Snowdon summit while others made the descent into Cwm Dyli.

Several interesting finds were made, in spite of this being a well-worked district. The most sensational was that of Grimmia andreaeoides Limpr. A plant new to Wales was Grimmia elongata Kaulf., found near Clogwyn Lake and at the head of Cwm Dyli on boulders and rocks. From the latter place Encalypta commutata N. et H. was added to the Welsh Flora, while Catharinea crispa James and its rare variety densifolia Lindb. were found by the Glaslyn River. Other rare mosses which may be mentioned are Grimmia conferta Funck, and Ditrichum zonatum var. scabrifolium Dixon, at Clogwyn-du'r-Arddu; Fissidens polyphyllus Wils. by the Glaslyn; Tortula princeps De Not. on Moel'r Ogof; Leptodontium recurvifolium Lindb., near Llyn Bochlwyd; Oedipodium griffithianum Schwaeg. on Snowdon; Bryum alpinum var. viride Husn. by the Glaslyn; Hypnum callichroum Brid. at Clogwyn; Pterigynandrum filiforme Hedw. and Hypnum dilatatum Wils. in Cwm ldwal and Grimmia incurva Schwaeg. on Glyder Fach (Mr. Nicholson's Station).

Among the rarer Hepatics were species of Gymnomitrium and Marsupella, especially M. sphacelata (Gies.) Lindb. near Beddgelert; Gymnocolea inflata forma nigricans Nees and Loph. atlantica (Kaal.) Schiffn., near Llanberis; Anthelia juratzkana (Limpr.) Trevis. on Snowdon, and Herberta hutchinsiae (Gottsche) Evans, Scapania ornithopodioides (With.) Pears., and Lophozia obtusa Evans at Clogwyn.

The evenings were enlivened by the members in various ways; two were taken up with the annual business of the Society.

Mr. Dixon having completed his two years of office, his place was taken by the newly elected Vice-President, the Rev. C. H. Binstead, M.A., in the absence of Dr. S. M. Macvicar, President.

Dr. Trotter's offer to compile a Bibliography of Bryological Literature and, also, to epitomise serial bryological papers published during the year, was much appreciated and accepted. Mr. W. R. Sherrin kindly offered to house the books and specimens belonging to the Society in the South London Botanical Institute and to act as Librarian and Curator for the Society, which offer was gratefully accepted.

The choice of next year's meeting-place fell on Ross, Herefordshire, for the Wye Valley, August 14-21, for which Miss E. Armitage will be the local secretary. Votes of thanks to the Officers concluded the meeting.


Annual Meeting 1925, Ross on Wye, 14 - 21 August

(Extracted from the Journal of Botany, October 1925, p. 311)

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Ross, Herefordshire, for the Wye Valley, under the Presidency of the Rev. C. H. Binstead, Vice-President, in the absence of Dr. S. M. Macvicar, from August 14 to 21. The rocky limestone woodland of the Wye Gorge, including the Great Doward, Herefordshire, and Symonds Yat, Gloucestershire, was well explored and interesting plants were found, especially Anomodon longifolius and Eurhynchium striatulum; others included Barbula nicholsoni, Neckera crispa var.falcata, Aplozia atrovirens var. sphaerocarpoidea, Scapania aspera, Madotheca laevigata, &c. The Sandstone and Conglomerate of the Chase and Penyard Woods at Ross yielded Campylopus flexuosus in fruit, Leptodontium flexifolium, Philonotis capillaris, Mnium stellare, Lophozia attenuata, Bazzania trilobata, Scapania compacta, &c. May Hill, just over the Gloucestershire border, showed a relict swamp-vegetation, including several Sphagna, and Mr. R. O. G. Wynne gave a lucid account of the geological aspect, the May Hill (or Llandovery) rock and other Silurian strata being in evidence. During the visit to Trelleck Bog in Monmouthshire a very large number of interesting Sphagnum forms were detected, besides hepatics, as Leptoscyphus anomalus, Cephalozia connivens var. compacta, and Lepidozia setacea, while on rocks in woodland above the bog, Dicranum scottianum new to v.c. 35, was found, and at Tintern Eurhynchium curvisetum was also recorded for the county. Several of the members included Lichens in their survey. The party, including members and friends, numbered 42; in the evenings the business of the Society was transacted. The officers were re-elected, except that owing to Mr. D. A. Jones's coming absence abroad for some months, Miss E. Armitage was asked to act as Secretary temporarily. The Committee recommended that printing of a new edition of the Moss Census Catalogue be proceeded with. Dr. Trotter showed his very valuable card-index scheme for the purposes of bryological bibliography. The next meeting will be held at Ingleton, Yorks at Whitsuntide, 1926.



Annual Meeting 1926, Ingleton, Whitsuntide

(Extracted from The Journal of Botany, August 1926, p. 223.)

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Ingleton, Yorkshire, at Whitsuntide. Mr. H. N. Dixon, M.A., F.L.S., was elected to the Chair, in the absence of the President. In spite of transport restrictions, about thirty members were present. Ingleborough, with the Limestone Pavements, and the two glens close by, were studied under the expert guidance of local bryologists, and many interesting mosses and hepatics were found. Further afield, Crummack Dale, Moughton and Malham were visited with good results. Some of the more important plants met with were: - Mosses - Dicranodontium longirostre var. alpinum, Trichostomum crispulum var. nigro-viride, T. mutabile var. cophocarpum, Zygodon gracilis, Splachnum sphaericum, Philonotis capillaris, Cinclidium stygium, two or three species of Thuidium, Cylindrothecium concinnum, Orthothecium intricatum and rufescens, Pylaisia polyantha, Hypnum falcatum var. virescens and H. incurvatum. Hepatics - Riccia lescuriana, Metzgeria pubescens, Haplozia riparia var. rivularis*, Lophozia badensis*, L. bicrenata*, Anastrepta orcadensis, Leptoscyphus taylori, Cephaloziella myriantha*, Bazzania trilobata, Lepidozia reptans vars. julacea* and tenera*, Blepharostoma trichophyllum, Scapania bartlingii*, Lejeunea patens, Cololejeunea calcarea and C. rossettiana. Those new to V.C. 64 are starred.

At the Annual Meeting it was reported that the new edition of the Moss Census Catalogue would soon be ready, and that the second edition of Macvicar's Students' Handbook of Hepatics should be out before the end of the year. The next meeting will be held at Brecon, Aug. 12-19, 1927, under the Presidency of the Rev. C. H. Binstead, M.A., F.L.S.



Annual Meeting 1927, Brecon, 12 - 19 August

(Extracted from the Journal of Botany, November 1927, p. 327)

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Brecon, August 12 to 19, 1927, under the Presidency of the Rev. C. H. Binstead, M.A., F.L.S. About thirty members and friends were present. The weather conditions were somewhat adverse; owing to the heavy rainfall the Usk and the mountain streams were so swollen that the riparian bryophytes were submerged and the waterfalls so overbrimming that the rocks were unapproachable in places. In spite of this, some good work was done, and several records were added to the County Flora. The Brecon Beacons were visited twice; there was some excellent ground on the fine cliffs and crags of Craig Cerig Gleisiad, where ravens and buzzards circled round the cliff-tops. Heavy rain unfortunately curtailed the visit to Sennybridge and the Usk valley. A fine drive across high moorland led the way into the delightful wooded cwm of the Hepste, but the excess of water in the streams and falls made the visit somewhat tantalizing. The results of interest are noted below; new records for v.c. 42 are starred. Mosses:- Sphagnum recurvum var. robustum*, S. cuspidatum vars. falcatum* and plumulosum*, S. inundatum var. diversifolium,* S. auriculatum vars. canovirescens* and ovatum f. intortum*, S. aquatile vars. remotum*, sanguinale*, and pauperatum*, Oligotrichum hercynicum, Polytrichum alpinum, Dicranella secunda*, Fissidens curnowii*, Grimmia torquata, Pottia intermedia*, Barbula rubella var. dentata*, B. ferruginascens, B. recurvifolia*, Weisia calcarea*, Webera cruda, W. proligera*, Bryum atropurpureum var. gracilentum*, B. mildeanum, Plagiothecium pulchellum, Orthothecium intricatum, Hypnum cupressiforme var. mamillatum*, H. stramineum, H. sarmentosum. Hepatics:- Riccia sorocarpa*, R. beyrichiana*, R. crozalsii*, Aneura multifida*, Pellia fabbroniana var. lorea, Blasia pusilla*, Marsupella ustulata, Alicularia scalaris var. procerior*, Eucalyx obovatus, Aplozia sphaerocarpa*, Lophozia muelleri*, L. heterocolpa* (new to Wales), L. bicrenata*, L. excisa, L. attenuata*, Bazzania triangularis*, Scapania aspera*, (Crickhowell).

At the Annual Meeting the Officers were elected, and the work on the revision of the 'Hepatic Census Catalogue' was discussed; many counties require to be examined in detail before a new edition can be issued. North-Eastern Ireland was chosen for next year's Excursion: date, August 25-31,1928.



Annual Meeting 1928, Belfast and Sligo, 25 August - 6 September

(Extracted from the Journal of Botany, November, 1928, p. 340).

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Belfast from August 25th to September Ist. The Rev. C. H. Binstead, M.A., F.L.S., presided at the Annual Meeting, and Mr. W. E. Nicholson, F.L.S., of Lewes, was elected President for the two ensuing years, 1929 and 1930, and Dr. Walter Watson, D.Sc., A.L.S., of Taunton, Vice-President. The membership of the Society now exceeds 100.

Daily excursions were arranged, the most interesting being to the Giant's Causeway and Portrush, where some good plants were found on the sand-hills; and, also Fair Head, where among the basaltic rocks Glyphomitrium daviesii was abundant. On Colin Mountain, Ditrichum vaginans, a very rare inconspicuous moss, was found in plenty. It was discovered here by J. H. Davies in 1901, the only other British station being on Ben Nevis. Here, also, Cephaloziella hampeana, an addition to the Irish hepatic list, was gathered. The beautiful Glenarrif made a pleasing contrast, and here many good plants were obtained. These localities are all in Co. Antrim (v.c. I. 39). One day on Slieve Donard was the only time devoted to Co. Down (v.c. I. 38).

After the official meeting a party of seventeen proceeded to Sligo, where five days were spent. The weather unfortunately became very wet, but two fine days permitted some very useful work to be done, and many additions were made to the moss-floras of Co. Leitrim and Co. Sligo.

On Ben Bulben, already known as the only station for Barbula recurvifolia var. robusta and as one of the few localities for the rare Weisia curvirostris var. insignis, were found four rare species which are additions to the Irish moss-flora, viz. Encalypta commutata, Timmia norvegica, Mnium orthorrhynchum, and Amblystegium compactum.

In all, some 138 new vice-county records were made - Sphagna, 17 ; Mosses, 57 ; Hepatics, 64.

Scotland was chosen for next year's Excursion, when Killin and Crianlarich-Tyndrum will be visited from July 26th to August 9th.



Annual Meeting 1929, Killin & Crianlarich, 27 July - 10 August

(Extracted from the Journal of Botany, January, 1930. p. 26).

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion in Mid-Perthshire from July 27th to August 10th, 1929. In the absence of the President, Mr. W. E. Nicholson, F.L.S., the Vice-President, Dr. W. Watson, took the Chair at the Meeting. About forty members and friends were present during most of the period. The weather in that hilly region was naturally variable, but only on three occasions did heavy rain prevent the excursion taking place, while several days were fine, with clear views. From Killin, Ben Lawers was ascended twice, and Cam Chreag, Creag Lochain, and Creag Mhor were explored. From Crianlarich, Ben More and Ben Lui were climbed, and interesting work was done on Ben Dourean both in v.c. 88 and v.c. 98. Coire Coille Chium, the old Pine and Birch wood near Tyndrum, the rocks of Cruach Ardran and the gorge of the Falloch held good plants. Ben Cruachan in Argyll (v.c. 98) was also visited.

V.c. 88 has been so thoroughly worked that only a few new records were obtained, though a great many Bryophytes were noted. It may be well to put on record that, in the opinion of bryologists who have known the Lawers Flora for many years, several of the local plants were in less quantity than before, and that the same observation applies to the Phanerogamic Flora. With regard to the latter, the bryologists were most scrupulous only to point out the rare plants, and they were not gathered. The cause of the diminution might possibly be some change in climate and lessening rainfall with consequent drying-up of swampy areas, but observations on this point would have to be carried out over a period of years before any definite conclusion could be reached.

The following short list only includes the more noteworthy plants; new records for v.c.'s 88, 98, and 99 are starred: -

SPHAGNA.-The recent paper in this Journal (June, 1929) by Dr. Johannes Lid, describing two species found by himself near Crianlarich stimulated a search for them and several gatherings of S. americanum (molle var. limbatum) were made, and S. strictum was found in v.c. 98*, on Ben Cruachan. S. subtile, once found on Schiehallion, was met with on the slopes under Cruach Ardran. Many other species were noted, including S. girgensohnii, russowii, warnstorfii, quinquefarium, molle, teres, contortum, imbricatum var. cristatum, and medium.

TRUE MOSSES.-There are two important finds to record. Fissidens curnowii, near Ardlui, v.c. 99* (Dumbarton), is new to Scotland, its distribution in England and Wales being mainly in the West; and Trichostomum hibernicum on Creag Mhor (88*), which, out of Ireland, was only known from Stirling (v.c. 86) and West Inverness (v.c. 97). Nearly all the very rare Perthshire (and especially Ben Lawers) plants were seen, and this was satisfactory, even if some were in less evidence than formerly. Among them the following deserve mention:- Polytrichum sexangulare, Ditrichum zonatum, and var. scabrifolium (v.c. 98*), Cynodontium virens, Blindia caespiticia, Dicranum molle and asperulum, Rhacomitrium sudeticum and ramulosum, Leptodontium recurvifolium, Splachnum vasculosum, Aulacomnium turgidum, Timmia norvegica, Plagiobryum demissum, Mnium lycopodioides and spinosum, Habrodon notarisii (no one was allowed to gather any of this moss from the original habitat on the old sycamore at Killin), Myurella apiculata, Pterigynandrum filiforme var. heteropterum, Heterocladium dimorphum, Brachythecium plicatum and starkei, Eurhynchium cirrosum, Amblystegium curvicaule, Hypnum halleri, hamulosum, bambergeri, and trifarium.

HEPATICS. - New records for v.c. 88 are Cephalozia catenulata* andLepidozia reptans vars. tenera* and julacea*. For v.c. 98 Cephaloziella myriantha*, Herberta adunca* and Pleuroclada albescens*. A large number of the very rare Mid-Perthshire species were seen, such as Gymnomitrium varians (v.c. 98*), G. alpinum, Marsupella sullivantii, jorgensenii, Alicularia breidleri, Lophozias heterocolpa, longidens, quadriloba and obtusa; Sphenolobus hellerianus and politus, Cephalozia loitlesbergeri, Cephaloziella striatula, Herberta hutchinsiae, Mastigophora woodsii, Diplophyllum taxifolium, Scapania degenii, &c.

At the Annual Meeting the officers were elected and the publication of the new Hepatic Census Catalogue was authorised. Any further records should be sent in at once. Next year's Excursion will be at Wareham, Dorset, beginning on Wednesday, April 23rd, 1930.


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