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Meetings of the BBS - 1930s


Annual Meeting 1930, Wareham, 23 - 30 April

(Extracted from the Journal of Botany, November, 1930.)

The Annual Meeting and Excursion were held at Wareham, Dorset, from April 23rd to 30th last; about thirty members and friends were present. Wareham was an excellent centre for bog and heathland studies. Morden Heath with its sand-pits and bog-holes yielded some interesting plants; Campylopus brevipilus is abundant on Studland Heath, also many Sphagna. Corfe Castle for the Purbeck Hills, and Lulworth Cove showed bryophytes under dry conditions in the short turf, Bryum atropurpureum var. gracilentum and Pottia intermedia growing on ant-hills. A day was spent on Portland Island for the rare hepatic Southbya nigrella; a close search among the tumbled rocks in the great quarries was rewarded by a few stems being found of this tiny blackish-green liverwort. On the dry exposed turfy banks by the quarries there was a form of both Neckera crispa and N. complanata in erect densely tufted clumps. The special Portland moss, Eurhynchium meridionale, grew in similar situations, also E. circinatum. The uncommon moss Leptodon smithii grew in some quantity on trees near Wareham. A day was spent in the New Forest, Hampshire; two large boggy areas were visited, the flat Holmsley Bog and the steeply-sloping, but very wet, Matley Bog - these produced many Sphagna, amongst which, and also in tufts of Leucobryum glaucum, species of Cephalozia were densely matted. Here Dicranum spurium and Hypnum imponens were seen.

Lists follow of the more important finds; new county records for v.c. 9 Dorset and v.c. 11 South Hants are starred. The Sphagna are not included, but will be dealt with separately:-

TRUE MOSSES. V.c. 9. *Cinclidotus fontinaloides, *Funaria calcarea, *Philonotis capillaris, *Webera calcarea (Lulworth Cove), *Bryum atropurpureum var. gracilentum, *Brachythecium salebrosum var. palustre, *Eurhynchium myosuroides var. cavernarum, *Hypnum cupressiforme var. filiforme. V.c. 11. Campylopus atrovirens, *Mnium rostratum, *Pterygophyllum lucens.

HEPATICS. V.c. 9. Riccia *bifurca and *sorocarpa, Pellia *epiphylla and forma *undulata, *Fossombronia pusilla, *Lophozia bicrenata, Cephalozia connivens, macrostachya, francisci and fluitans, *Odontoschisma denudatum (also new to v.c. 11), *Calypogeia arguta, Microlejeunea ulicina, *Anthoceros laevis. V.c. 11. *Aneura latifrons, *Lepidozia setacea.

The President, Mr. W. E. Nicholson, F.L.S., took the Chair at the Annual Meeting on April 26th, when the usual election of officers took place. The new (3rd) edition of the "Hepatic Census Catalogue" may be obtained from Mr. W. R. Sherrin, A.L.S., the Librarian. The Meeting in 1931 will take place at Harlech, Merionethshire, in mid-August.

A few of the members visited Cornwall after the Wareham meeting, and Mr. Nicholson found Lejeunea macvicari Pears. near the Lizard; it had only been found in Inverness before, so is new to England.



Annual Meeting 1931, Harlech, 15 - 22 August

(Extracted from The Journal of Botany, January, 1932.)

This Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Harlech, Merionethshire, from August 15th to 22nd, 1931. The Meeting was attended by about forty-nine members and friends, and the excursions were carried out without serious weather interruption. Nearly half the members went on to Llanberis for a further, week and explored Snowdonia in fine weather.

For the first excursion cars took the members to the entrance of Cwm Bychan, whence a walk led past Llyn Cym Bychan and up through the rocky wood, then through the pass, Bwlch Tyddiad, by the famous Roman Steps towards Rhinog Fawr, a few reaching the mountain top. This district is very rich in bryophytes. Next day a drive through Barmouth led to the classical ground of Tyn-y-Groes, where many good plants were found in the wooded glen. Another drive was to Ceunant Llenyrch, whence the path to the Falls was a struggle through six feet high bracken. Later on in the day Hir Ynys was visited, the "Long Island" being a great mass of greenstone rising out of a flat marsh, where interesting mosses grow. Next day Mochras sand-hills were visited - a most interesting area for flowering plants as well as for brvophytes; Centunculus minimus was there in quantity. Then the Artro Valley and Nantcol Ravine were explored, a wooded rocky gorge. Coming up to Harlech some members stopped at Dolgelly and climbed Cader Idris, where two new records for Merioneth were added, viz., Herberta adunca and Ptilidium ciliare var. inundatum. On the return journey some members visited Llyn Cae, Cader ldris, and found Lophozia heterocolpa, new to the county, and Lophozia longidens, a second record only, on rocks and walls respectively.

Both Merioneth and Carnarvon have been worked intensively for so many years that very few new records could be expected, but in Tyn-y-Groes (48*) Grimmia subsquarrosa, Leptoscyphus cuneifolius and Cololejeunea microscopica were found.

Only a very small selection of the rare plants seen can be recorded here. In Cwm Bychan Sphagnum *americanum, austini var. imbricatum and forms of S. rubellum, quinquefarium, amblyphyllum var. mesophyllum, and aquatile var. intortum. Several species of Andreaea, Campylopus atrovirens vars. muticus and gracilis, Leptodontium recurvifolium, Philonotis wilsoni, Fontinalis dixoni, Pterogonium gracile var. harlacense, Marsupella pearsoni, Gymnocolea acutiloba, Sphenolobus pearsoni, Mylia taylori,

Roadsides near Barmouth:- Grimmia arenaria and stirtoni, Coscinodon cribrosus, Tortula canescens, Riccia nigrella. At Tyn-y-Groes:- Campylopus flexuosus var. zonatus, and C. setifolius, Hylocomium umbratum, Jamesoniella subapicalis, Sphenolobus exsectus and hellerianus, Harpanthus scutatus, Harpalejeunea ovata. Mochras sand-hills:- Amblyodon dealbatus, Bryum pendulum, warneum, calophyllum, marrattii, lacustris, and inclinatum, Aneura incurvata, Moerckia flotowiana, and Petalophyllum ralfsii.

Ceunant Llenyrch:- Grimmia retracta (obtuse-leaved form) and hartmani, Eurhynchium myosuroides var. rivulare, Nowellia curvifolia, Adelanthus decipiens, and Cephalozia leucantha.

Hir Ynys:- Hedwigia imberbis. Artro Valley:- Barbula rigidula, Grimmia retracta, Ulota crispa, bruchii, and ludwigii, Thuidium delicatulum, Sematophyllum micans, Philonotis fontana var. ampliretis, Eurhynchium myosuroides var., Hypnum eugyrium, Metzgeria furcata var. fruticulosa, Fossombronia wondraczeki, Harpanthus scutatus, Plagiochila punctata, and spinulosa var. inermis, Cephalozia media var. pallida, Madotheca porella.

Around Snowdon:- *Ditrichum tenuifolium and zonatum, Campylopus schwarzii, Glyphomitrium daviesii, Encalypta commutata, Grimmia conferta, elongata, atrata, Oedipodium griffithianum, Webera polymorpha, Hypnum crista-castrensis, Gymnomitrium concinnatum, adustum, and alpinum var. *heterophyllum, Marsupella stableri and sprucei, Scapania ornithopodioides and *Frullania germana, the latter in Cwm Clogwyn on rocks.

The Annual Meeting was held on August 18th, and after the usual business it was decided to hold the next Meeting and Excursion in Somerset for Exmoor, during the week after Easter, 1932.



Annual Meeting 1932, Minehead, 30 March - 6 April

(Extracted from The Journal of Botany, October, 1932.)

This Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Minehead, Somerset, from March 30th to April 6th, 1932, under the Presidency of Dr. W. Watson - nearly thirty members and friends attending. Considering the early date and the lateness of the season, the weather was favourable, though Monday's drive over Exmoor found the moorland vegetation hidden under snow.

On March 31st a long coach drive served as a Regional Survey of the Exmoor, Blackdown, and Quantock Hills, Wellington, and Taunton, where the President and Mrs. Watson entertained the members to tea. Heavy rain prevented a visit to the Sphagnetum at Treborough, but some Sphagna were collected on the Blackdowns; the return was made by Broomfield and Bishops' Lydeard. Amongst other plants of interest the Cave Moss (Schistostega) was noted and antheridial and archegonial plants of Lunularia.

Next day the Quantocks were visited; the oak wood in Hodders Combe contained many mosses fruiting which rarely do so. The return journey was made by Halswey Combe, Crowcombe, and Stogumber, where Leptodontium gemmascens was collected on old thatch.

On Saturday, Dunkery Beacon, 1700 ft., was visited, and the rocky vale of the Horner, full of interesting plants. The next day there was a short ramble on the Warren at Minehead to study the Sandhill flora. On Monday a long coach drive led first to Porlock and up the wooded hillside to the moorland, where the county boundary was crossed into Devon. The steep descent of Countisbury Hill ended in Lynmouth. Thence up the narrow valley of the West Lyn, through steep woodland to Watersmeet, where a rich flora of mosses and hepatics was found among the rocks and tumbling waters. The last drive, on April 5th, was by Porlock and Oare to Badgworthy Water, including a walk up the stream (here dividing v.c.'s 4, N. Devon, and 5, S. Somerset) to the Doone Valley.

As nearly all the plants now to be mentioned were collected in v.c. 5, they will not be arranged in localities; some of those from v.c. 4 will be specified; the few new records for the latter are starred. Among the Sphagna seen were S. fimbriatum, S. rubellum, S. quinquefarium var. roseum, S. teres, and S. laricinum:-

True Mosses : Tetraphis pellucida, c. fr.; Polytrichum nanum, Diphyscium foliosum, Cynodontium bruntoni (Badgworthy Valley, 4*), Dicranum majus, plentifully, with fruit, D. fuscescens, D. scottianum (Badgworthy, 4); Fissidens pusillus; Grimmia doniana, G. subsquarrosa (Watersmeet, 4); Rhacomitrium sudeticum; Tortula vahliana (Staplegrove), Barbula convoluta var. sardoa; Trichostomum tenuirostre, flavovirens, and nitidum; Cinclidotus fontinaloides (c. fr. Badgworthy, 4 & 5); Zygodon viridissimus c. fr. and var. occidentalis; Ulota crispa var. intermedia, U. bruchii, and U. phyllantha; Funaria templetoni (4); Aulacomnium androgynum; Bryum roseum (Malmsmead, 4); a curious form of B. pseudotriquetrum was found on the sand on the Devon side of Badgworthy Water resembling B. mildeanum; Fontinalis squamosa (4 & 5), Cryphaea heteromalla; Neckera pumila var. phillippeana; Pterygophyllum lucens c. fr.; Hypnum ochraceum (4 & 5), H. eugyrium, and var. mackaii (Watersmeet, 4).

Hepatics: Aneura sinuata; Fossombronia pusilla and wondraczeki; Lophozia bicrenata, incisa, and floerkii; Chiloscyphus polyanthus var. fragilis (4 & 5) ; Saccogyna viticulosa, Cephalozia media, common on the Somerset side of Exmoor, 4*; Odontoschisma sphagni; Calypogeia fissa and arguta; Bazzania trilobata; Ptilidium ciliare; Trichocolea tomentella (4 & 5); Blepharostoma trichophyllum (4); Scapania compacta and gracilis; Lejeunea cavifolia and var. planiuscula; Microlejeunea ulicina; Marchesinia mackaii (Lynton, 4); Frullania tamarisci var. robusta ( 4 & 5); Anthoceros husnoti (5); A. laevis (4).

The Annual Meeting was held on April 2nd. The President, Dr. Watson, gave a very interesting address on "The Evolutionary Aspects of some Xerophytic Adaptations in the Bryophytes." The usual official business was transacted, and it was proposed to hold the next Meeting in August, 1933, at the English Lakes; the headquarters will be at Portinscale.

The Society has sustained a heavy loss in the death last year of Mr. A. Sutton, who has for several years carried out the Distribution of the Mosses and the Editing of the Report with conspicuous zeal and efficiency.



Summer Meeting 1932, Norway, July - 26 August

As announced in the last Report of the B.B.S., an excursion to Norway was arranged for July and August, 1932. It was the bi-centenary of Linnaeus' famous Lapland journey and most of the party travelling overland through Upsala, his University, traversed part of his route. While the "Lapland Express" from Stockholm to Narvik on the Ofotenfjord, waited at Kiruna in Swedish Lapland from 2.0-7.0 am., we took the opportunity of exploring a neighbouring hill. The Birch woods were carpeted with Linnaea borealis and after passing through hundreds of miles of coniferous forests it was pleasant to roam the moorland on the summit where Menziesia coerulea was plentiful with many other plants which we were to see again and again in the North, but in working the bogs below, the dense clouds of mosquitoes were found rather trying. From Narvik a wonderful journey through the Norwegian mountains by road and fjord brought us to Lyngseidet, a small village on the Lyngenfjord, more than 200 miles north of the Arctic Circle. Here a stay of ten days was made, and the northern part of this remarkably wild peninsula was worked intensively. Numerous unmapped glaciers were traversed, and among the mountains ascended were the Goalsevarra (4,232 ft.), Jaegevarra (6,286 ft.), Gjaevertind (4,785 ft.), Stortind (5,620 ft.), and Tramma (4,294 ft.), the latter by hiring a motor boat to Gamvik, an uninhabited cove in the far north of the peninsula. The sun just dipped below the horizon at midnight here at this time of the year but it was never dark. The temperature occasionally rose very high, and a most striking phenomenon was the heat radiated from the rocks, experienced in crossing alternate bands of snow and scree after the sun had left the slopes. Birch woods (Betula odorata) ascend the mountain sides for several hundred feet above sea level but rarely exceed a height of 12 feet, and except for a few small willows in the valleys, no other tree occurs on the peninsula. Glacier streams descend rapidly on all sides and one large waterfall was bryologized by the whole party. There was Cynodontium jenneri, Oreas mielichhoferi var. elongata and Lophozia binsteadii. The snouts of many of the glaciers are within 1000 feet of sea level and in some places patches of snow were lying in August right down to the waters of the fjord, under the magnificent precipices of the Lyngen mountains, truly the finest piece of coast in the whole of Europe. On the higher ridges from 3,000-5,000 feet alt., where there is a great deal of loose material, Gymnomitrium concinnatum is dominant, but G. corallioides occurs abundantly with many of our Arctic-Alpine species of Marsupella, Andreaea and Grimmia; lower down Chandonanthus setiformis and its var. alpinus occur in great quantities and we were delighted to see the abundance of Paludella squarrosa in the bogs. In one large bog near sea level an interesting form of Splachnum vasculosum was fruiting abundantly with Aulacomnium turgidum.

Herds of reindeer were constantly met with both in Lapland and further south. The "Red snow" (Sphaerella nivalis) was seen in many places on the névé in the centre of the Lyngen Peninsula.

A few hours spent on Ulø, an island in Lat. 70o N. Long. 21o E.) enabled us to ascend the Uløtind (4,000 ft. alt.), and to extend the known range of the genus Riccia by the discovery of R. beyrichiana at its base, (see note in Journ. Bot. in the press).

After a day on the Troldtind on Sjaervø, we embarked on a steamer coming from Vadsø and the North Cape, and went through the Lofoten Islands and Torgätta to Trondhjem, and thence by rail to Kongsvold in the Dovrefjeld. Here we found the rocks in the Driva Valley quite rich in Mosses, but it was the very varied Phanerogamic flora which was the most striking. It was delightful to see plants which are so rare in Britain, such as Saxifraga cernua, abundant everywhere. Saelania caesia was found in several places, and in the bogs on the mountain sides, Meesia trichoides var. alpina was fruiting abundantly, with Paludella squarrosa, Catoscopium nigritum, Splachnum vasculosum and Hypnum sarmentosum fruiting abundantly, while Conostomum boreale and Dicranum molle, Hypnum hamulosum and H. callichroum were also seen here. The route to Snehätte (7,500 ft. alt.) where Andreaea blyttii and Gymnomitrium revolutum were found, was over several miles of typical reindeer pasture where luxuriant species of Cladonia are dominant above the zone of Betula nana. From Kongsvold we reached Otta by rail and driving up to Elvesaeter, spent the next two long days walking through the Jotunheim and working the moraines of the glaciers en route, and descending to Fortun at the head of the Sognefjord. A delightful journey by road next day took us to Sogndal and after a further five hours on the fjord we landed at Flåm. From here there is no motor road up to the railway and the long ascent of some 4,000 feet to Myrdal was made in the dark in a continuous downpour, but we managed to catch the night train to Finse, where a very profitable four days was spent bryologizing the mountains, traversing the glaciers and ascending to the summit of the ice dome of the Hardanger Jokelen (6,500 ft. alt.), with its magnificent view, before returning to England from Bergen on August 26th. Scapania uliginosa formed large cushions in a small stream near the railway at Finse and Dichodontium pellucidum var. fagimontanum was nearby. Many hundreds of gatherings were made and much still remains to be worked out.

The pleasure of travelling in Norway and Sweden was much augmented by the personal charm of the people with whom we came into contact everywhere.



Annual Meeting 1933, Portinscale, 29 August - 5 September

(Extracted from The Journal of Botany, February, 1934.)

The Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Portinscale, Cumberland, from August 29th to September 5th, 1933, under the Presidency of Mr. H. H. Knight, M.A. Upwards of forty members and friends were present.

The glorious summer weather of 1933 was enjoyed to the full, though occasionally the mists rolled down from the mountain tops and caused some inconvenience to climbers. The first day was spent among the familiar surroundings of Lodore, in the rocky gorge and the steep woodland; after which the way led over Watendlath, and thence down to Rosthwaite.

The party visited Westmorland by motor coach on Thursday from Keswick by way of Thirlmere, Grasmere, and Rydal, up Great Langdale to Dungeon Gill. The Force and the rocky hillside yielded some interesting plants. Several of the party went farther to explore Crinkle Gill. On Friday Seatoller was visited, parts of the interesting woods were studied, and some rare plants were seen. On Saturday the party started to Braithwaite and thence up the long Cole Dale to the pass at the summit; but the sudden descent of mist from Grassmoor while the Hobcarton precipices were being worked caused trouble, and separated groups had to find their way down by devious tracks. Others who visited Scafell had similar trouble. On Monday some intensive work was done in the very rich and attractive rocky woods about Seatoller and Hause Gill, and also up Stonethwaite with its beck and steep wooded hillsides.

Though the bryology of the Lake District has been frequently studied, notably by the Rev. C. H. Binstead, our members were able to add a number of new records for v.c. 70 (Cumberland), and a few for v.c. 69 (Westmorland). These are starred in the list that follows, and rarer species previously known are included so far as space allows:-

Sphagna were numerous and many interesting forms were collected:- Sphagnum teres var. subteres*; S. pulchrum*; S. fallax var. robustum*; S. obesum var. luxurians* (Mickleden, 69); S. obesum var. hemi-isophyllum*; S. subsecundum var. tenellum*, S. inundatum vars. eurycladum*, robustum*, and densum*, S. auriculatum vars. ovatum*, laxifolium*, submersum*, and plumosum*; S. aquatile var. mastigocladum*; S. contortum*; S. subbicolor*.

True Mosses:- Andreaea petrophila var. gracilis. Tetraphis browniana. Oligotrichum hercynicum var. laxum*. Archidium alternifolium*. Ditrichum tenuifolium. Dicranella heteromalla var. interrupta*, D. curvata. Campylopus subulatus, C. schwarzii, C. flexuosus var. zonatus, C. setifolius* (69), C. atrovirens vars. falcatus* (69) and muticus* (69). Dicranum schisti, D. scoparium var. spadiceum. Fissidens crassipes*. Grimmia retracta, G. ovata, G. elongata. Coscinodon cribrosus. Pottia intermedia*. Barbula rubella vars. dentata and ruberrima, B. convoluta var. sardoa*. Trichostomum tenuirostre var. holtii, T. fragile. Oedipodium griffithianum. Discelium nudum*: this rare plant was found on the banks of Newlands Beck near Portiniscale, both male and female plants. Philonotis caespitosa*, P. capillaris. Webera annotina var. bulbifera*. Bryum cyclophyllum, B. atropurpureum var. gracilentum* (also in 69*), B. argenteum var. lanatum*. Mnium affine var. rugicum*, M. serratum, M. orthorrhynchum, M. stellare. Eurhynchium praelongum var. stokesii*, E. myosuroides var. tenuinerve* (Lodore). Sematophyllum micans. Amblystegium varium, A. irriguum*. Hypnum cupressiforme vars. mamillatum* and tectorum, H. callichroum, H. molluscum var. erectum*. H. cristacastrensis. Hylocomium umbratum, H. brevirostre.

Hepatics :- These are of considerable interest, being mainly those associated with rocky woodland, cascades, and mountains. Riccia sorocarpa*. Aneura multifida and sinuata. Fossombronia pusilla and wondraczeki*. Gymnomitrium concinnatum, G. obtusum, G. crenulatum, and G. adustum. Marsupella ustulata and aquatica. Alicularia compressa, A. scalaris var. procerior*. Eucalyx obovatus and paroicus. Aplozia crenulata var. gracillima*, A. pumila var. rivularis* (Dungeon Gill, 69). Jamesoniella autumnalis. Lophozia quinquedentata, L. floerkii and var. with gemmae, L. attenuata. Sphenolobus minutus, S. hellerianus*, and S. exsectiformis*. Anastrepta orcadensis. Plagiochila punctata and tridenticulata. Leptoscyphus taylori, Harpanthus scutatus. Saccogyna viticulosa. Cephalozia media. Odontoschisma sphagni. Calypogeia trichomanis and fissa. Bazzania trilobata and tricrenata. Lepidozia pearsoni and setacea. Blepharostoma trichophyllum. Anthelia julacea. Herberta hutchinsiae. Ptilidium ciliare and P. pulcherrimum*. Trichocolea tomentella. Scapania compacta, S. subalpina, S. gracilis, S. nemorosa var. uliginosa*, S. dentata, S. curta, S. umbrosa. Radula lindbergiana and voIuta. Colura calyptrifolia. Cololejeunea calcarea (69). Lejeunea cavifolia and patens. Microlejeunea ulicina. Drepanolejeunea hamatifolia. Harpalejeunea ovata.

The Annual Meeting was held on September 1st, when the usual business was transacted, and it was decided to hold the next Meeting in August, 1934, at Ingleton, Yorks.



Annual Meeting 1934, Ingleton, 11 - 18 August

(Extracted from The Journal of Botany, May, 1935, pp. 138-9).

The Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Ingleton, Yorkshire, from August 11th to 18th, 1934, President, Mr. H. H. Knight, M.A. Over thirty members and friends were present.

The first ramble explored the Limestones from Austwick, by Oxenber and Moughton, also Helwith Moss for Sphagna and Hepatics. Next day Penyghent was climbed from Horton-in-Ribblesdale, by Hull Pot and Hunt Pot, for the Carboniferous Limestone and Gritstone. Then a day up the Ingleton Glens for their fine waterfalls. The golden-brown peat water rushes down the deep narrow Limestone gorges. The way led up the River Doe, and, crossing the top of the Glen, the return was made down the River Twiss. On Wednesday the drive took us out of Yorkshire into Lancashire, through High Bentham to Hindburndale, on the Millstone Grit, among the moors, bogs, woods, and streams of Moorcock, Bottom Mill and Hindburn- an interesting country. Next day Clapdale was visited from Clapham, some members returning over Ingleborough. The last outing was to the Bolton Woods on the River Wharfe. Entering the dale at the Strid Cottage, the path winds through the wooded gorge. The river flows rapidly through the deep, narrow clefts in the broad horizontal sheets of the Millstone Grit at the Strid; farther on the valley widens out till Bolton Abbey is reached. Members were greatly indebted to their Yorkshire friends, Messrs. Milsom, Burrell, and Cheetham, for guidance on the rambles.

The General Meeting was held on August 15th, when Mr. D. A. Jones, M.Sc., A.L.S., was elected to the Presidency of the Society. The West of Ireland was suggested for the meeting of 1935, probably in August.

As the Society had met at Ingleton in 1926, there were not many new records to make, but a number of interesting Bryophytes were met with, some of which are enumerated below, those new to V.C. 60 (West Lancs.) and V.C. 64 (Mid-West Yorks.) are starred:-

Sphagna. S. warnstorfii (64*), S. fallax var. robustum (64*), and S. medium (64*) at Helwith Moss. S. squarrosum var. subsquarrosum,, S. pulchrum and S. cuspidatum var. falcatum (64*) at Austwick Moss. S. obesum var. plumosum (64*) Penyghent. S. compactum, S. recurvum var. robustum and S. obesum var. canovirens (60*) on Hindburn Moor.

True Mosses.- In Mid-west Yorkshire (64), Moughton and Oxenber:- Pleurochaete squarrosa (only Yorkshire station), Thuidium delicatulum. Penyghent:- Encalypta rhabdocarpa, Myurella julacea, Pseudoleskea catenulata. Ingleton Glens:- Campylopus subulatus*, Webera calcarea*, Barbula ferruginascens, Hypnum incurvatum. Clapdale and Ingleborough:- Seligeria tristicha, Campylopus atrovirens var. muticus, Zygodon gracilis. Bolton Abbey:- Fissidens rufulus, Philonotis caespitosa*, Orthodontium gracile, Plagiothecium elegans var. collinum. Hindburndale, W. Lancs. (60):- Tetraphis browniana, Catharinea crispa, Discelium nudum, Hypnum stramineum

Hepatics, V.C. 64. Ingleton Glens:- Lophozia muelleri, L. attenuata forma eflagellis, Plagiochila tridenticulata, P. asplenioides var. minor forma laxa, Cololejeunea calcarea and C. rossettiana, Marchesinia mackaii. Bolton Abbey:- Cephalozia media, Sphenolobus exsectiformis, Calypogeia neesiana. Hindburndale, W. Lancs, V.C.60:-Blasia pusilla, Harpanthus scutatus*, Lepidozia reptans var. julacea*, Blepharostoma trichophyllum, Microlejeunea ulicina.


Annual Meeting 1935, Killarney, 10 - 17 August

(Extracted from The Journal of Botany, March, 1936, pp. 80-81)

The Annual Meeting and Foray of the above Society was held at Muckross, Killarney, August 10-17, 1935. The President, Mr. D. A. Jones, M.Sc., A.L.S., and twenty-four other members were present. At the General Meeting on August 13 thanks were tendered to Major Phelps for facilities for the exploration of Muckross demesne (National Park), to Messrs. D. B. Bradshaw and D. I. Cronin for rendering such facilities possible, and to Dr. Lloyd Praeger for help in the arrangement of some of the excursions. Cheltenham was selected as the venue for the 1936 meeting. The President, who was familiar with the district, and had given an account of its bryophytic flora in this Journal (June, 1913), gave a general description of the habitats and localities where the characteristic or rare bryophytes occurred.

The Killarney district, owing to its humid and warm climate, is the home not only of some of our rarest vascular plants, but also of some of our rarest cryptogams. During the excursions some attention was naturally paid to the former, though the fieldwork was chiefly concerned with the latter, especially with the bryophytes. The carboniferous limestone on the margins of the Lower Lake yielded most of the characteristic plants of such a substratum, such as Eurhynchium circinatum, Marchesinia mackaii, and Placodium cirrochroum, though the oak growing on it was Quercus sessiliflora. The steep siliceous rocks of Eagle's Nest, the trees (Q. sessiliflora dominant again) on its wooded slopes, and the ground and rocks between it and Old Weir Bridge provided many rare and interesting plants. Plagiochila punctata, P. spinulosa, and P. tridenticulata were so abundant on the oaks that mosses and lichens were often absent, and the usual habitat distinctions between saxicolous and corticicolous species were often broken down.

Torc Mt. was explored, but very little of the rare Daltonia splachnoides was seen. The banks and boulders by the side of the famous Torc Cascade gave a rich harvest of hepatics, a list of which would almost become a catalogue of our rarer species. The ascent of Mangerton proved a delightful excursion, especially from a scenic point of view. Horse's Glen, Loch Erhagh, and the Devil's Punchbowl were explored on the way. A number of interesting and rare mosses were observed, and some of these were new vice-comital records. Other places investigated were Dinish, Cromaglown and O'Sullivan's Cascade. About Dinish the most common Radula was R. carringtonii; at Cromaglown Trichostomum hibernicum was common, and near O'Sullivan's Cascade Hookeria laetevirens and Grimmia retracta were noted.

After the Killarney excursions fifteen members and friends travelled on to Dingle and explored the extreme west of Ireland, Slea Head, Dunmore Head, Connor Hill and Brandon Mt. were visited.

The following is a list of new vice-county records (1, South Kerry; 2, North Kerry). Some of the Sphagna had been seen the previous year by Mr. A. Thompson, but have not been published till now:-

Sphagna.-Sphagnum plumulosum, Eagle's Nest (2). S. recurvum var. robustum, Mangerton (2). S. fallax var. laxifolium and var. schultzii, Brandon Headland (1). S. compactum var. subsquarrosum, near Loch Cruttia (1), var. imbricatum, Garygarry (2). S. obesum var. teretiramosum and var. hemi-isophyllum, both new to Ireland, Connor Hill (1). S. inundatum var. lancifolium, Torc Mt. (2), new to Ireland. S. aquatile var. intortum, near Loch Cruttia (1), Mangerton (2), var. sanguinale, Loch Cruttia (1), var. remotum, Connor Hill (1), Mangerton and Old Weir Bridge (2), all three new to Ireland. S. auriculatum var. ovatum, Brandon Headland (1), var. canovirescens, Torc Mt. (2), new to Ireland. S. crassifolium var. diversfolium, Connor Hill (1), var. magnifolium, Old Weir Bridge (2). S. camussii, Connor Hill (1), Eagle's Nest (2). S. papillosum var. sublaeve, Eagle's Nest (2).

True Mosses.- Dichodontium pellucidum var. compactum, Brandon Mt. (1). Blindia acuta var. trichodes, Brandon Mt. (1). Campylopus atrovirens var. muticus, Brandon Mt. and Connor Hill (1). Dicranum uncinatum, Eagle's Nest (2). Fissidens pusillus, Torc Mt., etc. (2). F. curnowii, below O'Sullivan's Cascade (1). Grimmia robusta, near L. Cruttia (1), Brickeen Bridge (2). G. retracta, below O'Sullivan's Cascade (1). G. doniana near L. Cruttia (1). Rhacomitrium ramulosum, L. Naluchan (1). Tortula atrovirens, Slea Head (1). Barbula ferruginascens, L. Cruttia (1). B. convoluta var. sardoa, Dingle (1). Weisia microstoma, Dingle (1). Trichostomum tortuosum var. fragilifolium, near Eagle's Nest (2). Bryum caespiticium, Dingle (1). B. alpinum var. viride, near L. Cruttia (1). B. argenteum, Dingle (1). Thuidium delicatulum, Torc Mt. (2). Eurhynchium curvisetum, Dingle (1). E. myosuroides var. brachythecioides, Mangerton (2). Amblystegium tenax (A. irriguum), Muckross (2). Hypnum molluscum var. fastigiatum, Torc Mt. and Muckross (2). Drepanocladus falcatus, Brandon (1).

Hepatics.- Aneura major, Dunmore Head (1). Lophozia muelleri, above L. Cruttia (1). L. bicrenata, Mangerton (2). Plagiochila asplenioides var. major, Muckross (2). Odontoschisma denudatum, Eagle's Nest (2).



Annual Meeting 1936, Cheltenham, 29 May - 5 June

(Extracted from The Journal of Botany, January, 1937.)

This Society held its Annual Meeting at Cheltenham from May 29 to June 5, 1936, to study the varied flora of the two vice-counties of Gloucestershire, East (v.c. 33) and West (v.c. 34). The absence of the President, Dr. D. A. Jones, M.Sc., A.L.S., owing to illness, was much regretted. His place was taken by the Vice-President, Mr. J. B. Duncan. It was a small meeting, upwards of twenty members only being present.

Mr. H. H. Knight, the Local Secretary, whose knowledge of the Bryophyte flora of the area is unrivalled, planned a comprehensive series of excursions, in each of which he pointed out the most interesting plants. Some of the earlier records are now, unfortunately, being lost, owing to changes in terrain. For example, the area of the few and small Sphagnum bogs is becoming more restricted. Also with road changes the flora disappears. This is particularly the case with the wall-top flora of the Cotswold villages. Formerly the two mosses Tortula pusilla and lamellata were quite common in such situations, but are now never seen. However, there are large areas in the Forest of Dean woodland where the vegetation is unaltered, notably in the Buckstone woods above the River Wye.

The cold stormy weather, with northeast wind and heavy thunder-showers, rather spoiled the rambles.

On Saturday most of the day was spent on the hills at Whittington, where Thuidium abietinum and philiberti were growing in the short turf and Hypnum sommerfeltii on the oolitic walls. Then through Puckham wood with Amblystegium confervoides and Seligeria pusilla on the stones, and over the hills to Sevenhampton Marsh, where Climacium dendroides in fine fruit has been found. After a short halt near Notgrove Station to see Cryphaea heteromalla and Zygodon conoideus on Elders, Northleach was visited on the return journey.

Next day there was an afternoon ramble to Cleeve Hill and up to the summit (1070 feet), where the well-known golf links are situated. On the way Cylindrothecium concinnum was pointed out.

On Monday the drive was through Painswick to the woods above King's Stanley, where very heavy rain and tall wet undergrowth hindered work among the mosses, and consequently Mnium serratum, which grows in some quantity in the lower part of the wood was not found. Higher up in the wood Bartramia oederi and Lophozia muelleri were seen. Two interesting archaeological sites were visited on Uley Downs:- the large earthwork of Uley Camp, covering the hill-top, with unusually high steep banks, and Uley Long Barrow, a perfect place of prehistoric sculpture, entered from the hill turf by a low stone doorway about 21/2 feet square. It contains five rock chambers about 6 feet high.

On Tuesday a visit was made to the Forest of Dean, through Mitcheldean and Drybrook to explore Wigpool Common, a high open area with gorse and dwarf willow and some small Sphagnum bogs. These are rare in the Forest; several subsecundum forms and a few others, as molluscum, are found. The hepatics seen were Odontoschisma sphagni, Alicularia geoscyphus, and a few sterile stems of Cephaloziella striatula. A marsh at Foxes Bridge showed more Sphagna, with Hypnum stramineum.

On Wednesday, the western side of the Forest of Dean was visited. A stop was made at Staunton for the rocks and woods about the Buckstone. Continuous rain made the woods too wet for exploration. Hedwigia ciliata, Leptodontium flexifolium, Pterogonium gracile, and a few other mosses were found. Some of the plants that grow here are Andreaea rothii, Cynodontium bruntoni, Dicranum fuscescens, Bazzania trilobata, Cephalozia media, etc. At Tintern the party saw Fissidens rivularis in the locality recently found by Mr. E. W. Jones, and the new species Lejeunea planiuscula growing with Metzgeria furcata on Old Red Sandstone rock; also Eurhynchium swartzii var. rigidum a new record for v.c. 35.

On Thursday a drive was taken over the Cotswolds. After visiting the wood at Hailes the drive continued up Stanway Hill and down the River Windrush to Lower Guiting, and another halt was made at Kineton Thorns. The finds here included Bryum inclinatum and Reboulia hemisphaerica, the latter a new record for v.c. 33. The journey continued through Stow-on-the-Wold, Burford, Bibury, and back through Cirencester.

On Tuesday evening the Annual Meeting took place, with election of Officers:- President and Treasurer, Mr. J. B. Duncan; Vice-President, Miss E. Armitage; Hon. Secretary, Mr. A. Thompson. The place chosen for next year's meeting is Bundoran in Sligo, during the summer of 1937.



Annual Meeting 1937, Bundoran & Achill Island, 19 June - 3 July

The Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Bundoran, Co. Donegal, Ireland, from June 19th to 26th, 1937, under the presidentship of Mr. J. B. Duncan, Berwick-on-Tweed. About twenty members and friends were present. Thirteen of the party went on to Achill Island, Co. Mayo (I.27) for another week. In East Donegal (I.34) the Bundoran sand-dunes were explored and two excursions were made up the River Erne- one from Ballyshannon and the other from Belleek; the latter included a small area of Co. Fermanagh (I.33). But the chief interest centred in the range of the Dartry Mountains in Counties Leitrim (I.29) and Sligo (I.28). The excursions here included the attractive valleys of Gleniff with Annacoona Rocks, Sligo, and Glenade, Leitrim; also in Sligo was the huge bluff of Ben Bulben, facing towards the Atlantic with very steep, wet grassy slopes, and, near the summit, the great curved wall of precipitous rock, the jutting cliffs of which are deeply grooved. This walk taxed the climbing powers of the bryologists, though the cliff top was but 1,500 ft., and the grassy summit beyond was 1,700 ft.

A good deal of rain impded the walks on Achill Island (I.27). The bogland near Dugort was interesting, and the cliffs, rocks and corrie of Slievemore held many bryophytes. One day the barren summit (2,204 ft.) of Slievemore was reached. Croaghaun has precipices of over 1,000 feet. At Keel and Doonagh were sandy stretches of beach.

The Annual Meeting took place on June 22nd. The follow elections were made:- President and Treasurer, Mr. J. B. Duncan; Vice-President, Miss E. Armitage; Secretary, Mr. A. Thompson. Mr. H. N. Dixon and Rev. C. H. Binstead are now Honorary Members, elected at Cheltenham, 1936. The next Meeting is to be at Llangollen for the Berwyns, in August, 1938.

The Sphagnum list has been collated by Mr. A. Thompson; all are new V.C. Records. Most of the Mosses and Hepatics are also new or interesting.


S. warnstorfii Russ., Ben Bulben, (I.28); Bundoran (I.34).

S. rubellum Wils., Tullaghan (I.29).

S. subtile W., Slievemore (I.27).

S. quinquefarium W., Ben Bulben and Gleniff (I.28).

S. plumulosum Röll., Glenade and Tullaghan (I.29).

S. compactum De C., var. imbricatum W., Glenade (I.29); Castle Caldwell (I.33).

S. squarrosum Russ. var. spectabile Russ., Tullaghan, (I.29); near Keel Lough (I.27); var. subsquarrosum Russ., Tullaghan (I.29); Bundoran (I.34).

S. amblyphyllum Russ., var. macrophyllum W., near Keel Lough (I.27); Ben Bulben (I.28); var. mesophyllum W., near Keel Lough (I.27); Tullaghan (I.29).

S. pulchrum W., Glenade (I.29).

S. recurvum P. de B., var. robustum Breid., Ben Bulben (I.28); var. majus Ångstr., Slievemore and near Keel Lough (I.27); Gleniff and Ben Bulben (I.28); Glenade and Tullaghan (I.29).

S. fallax von K., var. robustum W., Glenade (I.29).

S. cuspidatum Ehrh., var. falcatum Russ., Ben Bulben and Cliffony, (I.28); Bundoran (I.34); var. submersum Schp., near Keel Lough (I.27); Ben Bulben (I.28); var. plumulosum Schp., Slievemore (I.27); var. serratum (Aust.), Bundoran (I.34).

S. molluscum Bruch, Glenade (I.29).

S. holtii W., Slievemore (I.27).

S. obesum Wils., Tullghan (I.29); var. plumosum Warnst., Slievemore (I.27); var. teretiramosum W., Achill Island (I.27); Ben Bulben (I.28); var. canovirens W., Glenade (I.29); near Keel Lough (I.27); var. hemi-isophyllum W., Slievemore (I.27).

S. subsecundum Nees, Tullaghan (I.29).

S. inundatum W., var. robustum (W.) Sherrin, Cliffony (I.28); Castle Caldwell (I.33); var. eurycladum (W.) Sherrin, Castle Caldwell (I.33); Bundoran (I.34); var. lancifolium W., Tullaghan (I.29); Castle Caldwell (I.33); var. densum (W.) Sherrin, Bundoran (I.34); var. diversifolium W., Glenade (I.29).

S. auriculatum Schp., var. ovatum W., near Keel Lough and Slievemore (I.27); Castle Caldwell (I.33); var. laxifolium W., Castle Caldwell (I.33); var. submersum W., Meenaun Cliffs and bog near Keel and Slievemore (I.27); var. racemosum W., Ben Bulben (I.28).

S. crassicladum W., var. diversifolium W., near Keel Lough (I.27); Castle Caldwell (I.33).

S. camusii W., Slievernore and near Keel Lough (I.27); Tullaghan (I.29); Cliffony (I.28).

S. platyphyllum W., Castle Caldwell (I.33).

S. imbricatum Hornsch., var. cristatum W., near Keel Lough (I.27).

S. papillosum Lindb., var. normale W., Ben Bulben (I.28); Glenade and Tullaghan (I.29) ; Castle Caldwell (I.33); var. sublaeve Limpr., near Keel (I.27).

S. magellanicum Brid., near Keel Lough (I.27); Cliffony (I.28); Tullaghan (I.29).


(New County Records starred).

Swartzia montana c. fr., Gleniff (I.28); S. inclinata, Gleniff (I.28). Seligeria pusilla, Annacoona (I.28*); S. tristicha, Annacoona (I.28*); Glenade (I.29*), new to Ireland; S. recurvata, Glenade (I.29). Brachyodes trichodes, Ben Bulben (I.28*); Dichodontium pellucidum var. compactum, Gleniff (I.28*). Dicranella heteromalla, Gleniff (I.28*); D. cerviculata, Cliffony (I.28*). Campylopus pyriformis, Ben Bulben (I.28*). Dicranum bonjeani var. rugifolium, Bundoran (I.34*). Fissidens viridulus var. lylei, Ballyshannon, (I.34*); F. pusillus, Gleniff (I.28); F. crassipes, River Erne, Belleek (I.33*); F. rufulus, River Erne, Belleek (I.33*). Campylostelium saxicola, Ben Bulbin (I.28*). Tortula ruraliformis (I.34); T. intermedia, Ballyshannon (I.34*). Barbula lurida, Bundoran (I.34*); B. ferruginascens, Ben Bulben (I.28*); B. recurvifolia, Bundoran, (I.34*); Glenade (I.29); B. recurvifolia var. robusta, Glenade (I.29*), only known before from Ben Bulben (I.28). Leptodontium flexifolium, Glenade (I.29*). Weisia tenuis, Ben Bulben (I.28); W. calcarea c. fr., Ben Bulben (I.28*); W. curvirostris, Glenade (I.29*); W. curvirostris var. insignis, Glenade (I.29*), only known before from Ben Bulben (I.28); W. curvirostris var. commutata, Bundoran (I.34*), new to Ireland; W. verticillata, Bundoran (I.34). Trichostomum crispulum var. elatum, Ben Bulben (I.28*); var. brevifolium, Bundoran sand-dunes (I.34*), new to Ireland; T. mutabile var. cophocarpum, Ben Bulben (I.28); Glenade (I.29). T. tortuosum var. fragilifolium, Truskmore (I.29*); Bundoran (I.34*). Encalypta commutata, summit of Ben Bulben, Annacoona, c. fr., (I.28). Anoectangium compactum, Gleniff (I.28). Ulota vittata, Gleniff (I.28). Orthotrichum saxatile, Gleniff (I.28); O. cupulatum var. nudum, Bundoran (I.34*); O. tenellum, on hawthorn by River Erne, Ballyshannon (I.34*), also O. pulchellum. Amblyodon dealbatus, Annacoona (I.28). Timmia norvegica, Gleniff (I.28). Catoscopium nigritum, slack in sand-dunes, Bundoran (I.34*). Breutelia arcuata, Gleniff (I.28); Glenade (I.29) c. fr. Plagiobryum zierii, summit of Ben Bulben (I.28). Bryum filiforme, Ben Bulben (I.28); Ballyshannon (I.34). B. pendulum, Bundoran (I.34). B. inclinatum, Annacoona (I.28*); Kinlough (I.29*); B. obconicum, Bundoran (I.34*); B. murale, Belleek (I.33). Mnium affine var. elatum, Ben Bulben (I.28*); M. serratum, Glenade (I.29*), Belleek (I.33*); M. orthorrhynchum, Truskmore (I.29*); M. stellare, Gleniff (I.28). Neckera crispa var. falcata, Ben Bulben (I.28). Pterygophyllum lucens (I.29). Heterocladium heteropterum var. fallax, River Duff (I.28*). Thuidium abietinum (I.34); T. delicatulum, Ben Bulben (I.28*); T. philiberti, Bundoran (I.34*). Cylindrothecium concinnum, Bundoran (I.34). Orthothecium rufescens (I.34), (I.29); O. intricatum, Gleniff (I.28), in fruit, which is very rare. Camptothecium lutescens (I.34). Brachythecium salebrosum var. palustre, Bundoran (I.34*). Eurhynchium swartzii var. rigidum, River Erne (I.34*); E. pumilum, Erne Valley (I.34*); E. teesdalei (I.28), (I.33), near River Erne, Belleek (I.34*); E. tenellum, Erne Valley and Bundoran (I.34*). Plagiothecium depressum, Annacoona (I.28*), River Erne (I.34*). Hyocomium flagellare, Glenade (I.29*). Amblystegium sprucei, Annacoona (I.28), Glenade (I.29*); A. confervoides, Gleniff (I.28); A. serpens var. salinum, Bundoran (I.34); A. kochii, Bundoran (I.34*). Hypnum polygamum (I.34); H. chrysophyllum, River Erne (I.33); H. falcatum var. gracilescens, Annacoona (I.28*), new to Ireland; H. cupressiforme var. tectorum, Bundoran (I.34*); var. elatum, Bundoran (I.34); H. palustre, Ballyshannon (I.34*); H. stramineum, Ben Bulben (I.28*); H. cordifolium, and H. giganteum, Bundoran (I.34). Hylocomium brevirostre, Glenade (I.29).


Campylopus schwarzii, Croaghaun (I.27). Dicranum uncinatum, Croaghaun (I.27). Barbula recurvifolia, Dugort (I.27*). Ulota crispa, Croaghaun (I.27); U. hutchinsiae, Slievemore (I.27). Splachnum ampullaceum, Dugort (I.27). Funaria templetoni (I.27). Webera elongata, Croaghaun (I.27*). Bryum pendulum (I.27*); B. turbinatum, The Valley (I.27*).


Aneura pinguis, Bundoran sand-dunes (I.34*); A. palmata, Croaghaun and Slievemore (I.27). Metzgeria conjugata, Glenade (I.29*). Pellia fabbroniana, Bundoran (I.34*). Fossombronia angulosa, Dugort (I.27). Lophozia bantriensis, Glenade (I.29*); L. excisa, Ben Bulben (I.28). Plagiochila asplenioides var. minor, Erne Valley (I.34*), and forma laxa, Erne Valley (I.34*) (new to Ireland); var. humils forma laxa, Erne Valley (I.34*), new to Ireland; P. spinulosa, Ben Bulben (I.28). Leptoscyphus taylori, Ben Bulben (I.28*); L. cuneifolius, Croaghaun (I.27). Cephalozia connivens, Dugort (I.27). Nowellia curvifolia, Dugort (I.27)*. Adelanthus dugortiensis, Dugort (I.27), refound, but not plentifully, in its only locality. Bazzania tricrenata (I.27), Glenade (I.29*). Blepharostoma trichophyllum (I.28), Glenade (I.29*). Herberta hutchinsiae (I.27). Mastigophora woodsii, Dugort (I.27). Trichocolea tomentella, Glenade (I.29). Scapania aspera, Bundoran sand-dunes (I.34*); S. dentata var. ambigua, Dugort (I.27*); S. umbrosa, Ben Bulben (I.28*). Radula aquilegia, Croaghaun, (I.27). Pleurozia purpurea (I.27). Madotheca laevigata, lime rocks, Erne Valley (I.34*). Lejeunea patens, Ben Bulben (I.28), (I.29). Harpalejeunea ovata, Croaghaun (I.27), Glenade (I.29). Marchesinia mackaii, Iime rocks, Erne Valley (I.34*). Frullania germana, Slievemore (I.27), Ben Bulben (I.28*). Anthoceros punctatus, Dugort (I.27).


Annual Meeting 1938, Llangollen, 27 August - 3 September

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Llangollen, Denbighshire, from August 27 to September 3, 1938. Mr. J. B. Duncan, President and Treasurer, Miss E. Armitage, Vice-President, Mr. A. Thompson, Secretary, Mr. W. R. Sherrin, Librarian, and upwards of 25 members and friends were present, including a distinguished American bryologist, Dr. Winona H. Welch, of De Pauw University, Indiana, U.S.A., who was visiting the principal European Herbaria to further her work of monographing the Fontinalaceae of Europe and America.

The rambles were principally in the County of Denbigh (v.c. 50), but Montgomeryshire (v.c. 47), Merionethshire (v.c. 48), and Shropshire (v.c. 40) were also visited. Many mosses and hepatics were met with, but save in Sphagna not many new records were made, as, except in v.c. 47, the ground had been thoroughly worked by such veterans as S. J. Owen, T. Barker, and D. A. Jones.

The first afternoon was spent exploring the rocky bed of the Dee near Llangollen, where, owing to the lowness of the river, access was gained to rocks which are usually submerged, where Madotheca porella was found, and on dry rocks Grimmia leucophaea.

Next day there was a long excursion in cars through Chirk and Llan Rhaiadr, where we were indebted to Dr. H. Hamshaw Thomas for acting as our guide. The long narrow valley ends in the high falls of Pistyll Rhaiadr. A large volume of peat-brown water falls over an imposing rock-wall and is spanned by a natural arch of rock. The stream here divides the Counties of Denbigh and Montgomery. Then we drove by Llangunog up the Tanat Valley, which has recently been made accessible by a fine road to the top of the pass. Here is a grand view of Snowdonia, with masses of purple heath and golden tussocks of Ulex gallii in the foreground. This area, with a rocky stream and gorge should yield bryophytes of interest if a long day could he spent there.

On Tuesday the Llangollen district was farther explored, up the long wooded valley to "World's End." On the left are Ordovician rocks, and the fine limestone escarpment of the Eglwyseg Rocks is on the right. Wednesday was spent beyond Llanarmon up Swch-cae-Rhiw, along a steep bracken-clad valley to the fine rocky gorge of the Ceiriog Falls. On Thursday we had a long drive beyond Bala, climbing up to the high pass of Bwlch-y-Groes (1,750 ft.); the road was rough and narrow, with much loose scree. Having reached the small plateau we explored the extensive boggy moor-land with rough peat bogs, under the great bulk of Aran Mawddwy, nearly 3,000 ft.; this hid Snowdon from us, but we had a grand view from the Arenigs to Plinlimmon.

Excursions on the last day, Sept. 2, included one to Tal-y-llyn Lake (v.c. 48) and another to Whixall Moss (v.c. 40), an extensive bog, which has become drier of late years owing to drain-cutting and peat removal.

The Annual Meeting was held on Tuesday, August 30th. Miss E. Armitage succeeds Mr. J. B. Duncan as President in 1939. Mr. W. R. Sherrin was elected Vice-President. Mr. C. V. B. Marquand succeeds Dr. L. B. C. Trotter, who has given several years' much-appreciated service as Bibliographer. Mr. A. Thompson continues as Secretary. It is proposed to hold the 1939 Meeting at Fort William in June.

The List of Sphagna is collated by Mr. A. Thompson.


The specimens of Sphagna collected during the excursion were poor and small and the number of species and varieties noted rather few.

The following are all new vice-county records:-

S. fimbriatum var. validus, Ceiriog Ddu (50); var. intermedium, Whixall Moss (40).

S. girgensohnii var. microcephalum, Tanat Valley (47).

S. warnstorfii, Ceiriog Ddu (50).

S. rubellum, Cyrn-y-Brain (50).

S. squarrosum var. subsquarrosum, Tanat Valley (47).

S. teres var. subteres, Ceiriog Ddu (50).

S. amblyphyllum var. macrophyllum, Tanat Valley (47); Bwlch-y-groes (48); Ceiriog Ddu (50);

var. mesophyllum, Bwlch-y-groes (47); Ceiriog Ddu (50).

S. pulchrum, near Bwlch-y-groes (47); Cyrn-y-Brain and Ceiriog Ddu (50).

S. recurvum var. majus, Tanat Valley (47);

var. robustum, Ceiriog Ddu (50).

S. fallax var. laxifolium, Tanat Valley (47).

S. cuspidatum var. falcatum, Whixall Moss (40); Bwlch-y-groes (47) ;

var. submersum, Whixall Moss (40);

var. plumosum, Whixall Moss (40).

S. subsecundum var. intermedium, Ceiriog Ddu (50).

S. inundatum var. robustum, Ceiriog Ddu (50) ;

var. eurycladum, Ceiriog Ddu (50); S. of Bwlch-y-groes (47) ;

var. densum, Tanat Valley (47).

var. lancifolium, south of Bwlch-y-groes (47); Cyrn-y-Brain and Ceiriog Ddu (50);

var. diversifolium, Pistyll Rhaiadr (47).

S. auriculatum var. ovatum, south of Bwlch-y-groes (47); Cyrn-y-Brain (50) ;

var. laxifolium, south of Bwlch-y-groes (47); Bwlch-y-groes (48);

var. canovirescens, Pistyll Rhaiadr (47);

var. submersum, Pistyll Rhaiadr (47).

S. crassicladum, Ceiriog Ddu (50).

S. contortum, Tanat Valley (47).

S. papillosum var. normale, Whixall Moss (40); Tanat Valley (47);

var. sublaeve, Whixall Moss (40).


Andreaea petrophila and rothii, 50. Oligotrichum hercynicum, 47. Polytrichum urnigerum, 47; P. strictum, 40*, 47*, 48; P. formosum, 50. Pleuridium axillare, 48, 50. Rhabdoweisia fugax, 50, and R. denticulata, 50. Cynodontium bruntoni, 47*, 50. Dichodontium flavescens, 50. Dicranella cerviculata, 40; D. rufescens, 50; D. squarrosa, 47, 50. Dicranum fuscescens, 47*. Campylopus atrovirens, 47. Fissidens decipiens, 50. Grimmia trichophylla, 50; G. hartmani, 50; G. retracta, 50; G. doniana, 47; G. commutata, 50; G. leucophaea, 50. Rhacomitrium protensum, 47. Weisia rupestris, 50. Trichostomum crispulum, 50; T. mutabile, 50, and var. cophocarpum, 50; T. tenuirostre, 50, var. holtii, 50*; T. tortuosum, 50. Zygodon mougeotii, 50. Funaria ericetorum and F. templetoni, 47. Webera annotina var. erecta, 47*, 50*. Bryum filiforme, 47*. B. alpinum, 47, var. viride, 50. Mnium serratum, 50, and M. cinclidioides, 48. Neckera crispa var. falcata, 50. Pterogonium gracile, 50. Heterocladium heteropterum, 47, 50, var. fallax, 50. Orthothecium intricatum, 50. Hyocomium flagellare, 50. Eurhynchium myosuroides var. rivulare, 47, 50. Plagiothecium elegans, 47. Amblystegium irriguum, 50. Hypnum patientiae, 50. H. ochraceum, 47, 50.


Aneura pinguis var. angustior, 50*. Metzgeria pubescens, 50. Marsupella pearsoni, 48; M. aquatica, 47*, 48. Alicularia compressa, 47*, and A. scalaris var. procerior, 47*. Eucalyx obovatus, 47*. Aplozia cordifolia, 47*, 50. Lophozia ventricosa, 48, 50; L. incisa, 48, 50; L. quinquedentata, 50; L. floerkii, 47, 50. Plagiochila asplenioides var. minor forma laxa, 50. Leptoscyphus taylori, 48; L. anomalus, 40*, 48. Chiloscyphus polyanthus, 50. Saccogyna viticulosa, 50*. Cephalozia connivens, 40. Nowellia curvifolia, 50. Cephaloziella starkii, 50. Odontoschisma sphagni, 48. Lepidozia reptans, 47, 48, 50. L. pearsoni, 50. Ptilidium ciliare, 47, 50. Scapania aspera, 50; S. nemorosa, 47*; S. dentata, 47*, var. ambigua, 47*, 50*; S. intermedia, 47*; S. undulata, 47; S. irrigua, 50. Madotheca porella, 50. Cololejeunea calcarea, 50. Lejeunea patens, 50.

* Only plants of some interest are included, new V.C. records are starred.



Annual Meeting 1939, Fort William, 24 June - 1 July

The British Bryological Society held its Annual Meeting and Excursion at Fort William, Inverness-shire, from June 24th to July 1st, 1939; thirty-four members and friends were present. A good deal of the Ben Nevis range and surrounding country was explored, beginning with the nearby Corpach Moss, and, owing to a drought of several weeks duration, it was easy to walk over the usually submerged areas. A striking feature was sheets of Cotton grass with huge dangling silvery heads; also the starry white flowers of the large Sundew. The first attack on the Ben Nevis massif took place up Glen Nevis, driving seven miles up a rough track, followed by a winding path to the top of the Glen and the Waterfall. The bryophyte flora was in an unusual state of desiccation, many plants crumbling to dust at a touch. Most of the well-known rarities wore seen, and some additional records made for this rich area. The shores and woodland around Loch Linnhe occupied another day. A break in the weather delayed the ascent of Ben Nevis; when the summit was reached its rarities were hidden under the snow. The limestone rocks of Creag Aoil, near Fort William, added many species. Other parts of Lochaber wore visited, Glen Roy, Glenfinnan, Ardgour, etc.

The Annual Meeting took place on June 27th under the Presidency of Miss E. Armitage. At the conclusion of the business the President read her presidential address on "Naiadita, a Rhaetic Bryophyte."

The Lists, which follow, include the rarer species found, with localities; new records for v.c. 97 (Westerness) are starred.


Arranged by Mr. A. Thompson; all are new records for v.c. 97 except those marked (v.c. 98).

Sphagnum girgensohnii var. robustum, Pass of Glencoe (v.c. 98); var. microcephalum, Glen Nevis. S. molle var. molluscoides, Glen Nevis and moor near Tulloch station; Clachaig Inn, Glencoe (v.c. 98). S. compactum var. subsquarrosum, Corpach Moss and Glen Nevis; var. imbricatum, Loch Linnhe and Ben Nevis. S. squarrosum var. subsquarrosum, side of Ben Nevis. S. amblyphyllum var. macrophyllum, Camusnagaul and Glen Nevis. S. recurvum var. parvulum, Glen Nevis. S. fallax var. laxifolium, bog near Creag Aoil . S. cuspidatum var. plumulosum, Glen Nevis. S. subsecundum var. robustum, Glen Nevis. S. auriculatum var. tenellum, Fort William; var. laxifolium, Glen Nevis; var. submersum, bank of Red Burn, Ben Nevis; Pass of Glencoe (98). S. crassicladum var. magnifolium, near Fort William and Arisaig; Pass of Glencoe (98); var. intermedium, Ben Nevis. S. camusii, Arisaig. S. papillosum var. sublaeve, Corpach Moss.


Andreaea alpina, A. nivalis and var. fuscescens, Ben Nevis. Tetraphis browniana, Glen Nevis. Ditrichum tenuifolium, Fort William. Seligeria pusilla*, Creag Aoil. Rhabdoweisia crenulata*, Glen Nevis. Campylopus flexuosus var. zonatus*, Glen Nevis. Dicranum schisti, D. starkei, D. uncinatum, D. asperulum, Ben Nevis; D. bonjeani var. rugifolium*, Corpach Moss. Fissidens decipiens*, Creag Aoil. Rhacomitrium ellipticum, R. ramulosum*, Ben Nevis. Barbula rubella var. dentata*, Glen Nevis; B. tophacea*, B. spadicea*, B. convoluta*, Creag Aoil. Weisia curvirostris*, Sunart. Trichostomum crispulum* and var. brevifolium*, Creag Aoil; T. tenuirostre, Glen Nevis. Zygodon lapponicus, Z. conoideus, Glen Nevis. Ulota hutchinsiae, Ben Nevis. Orthotrichum anomalum var. saxatile*, Ballachulish; O. cupulatum*, Creag Aoil; O. affine*, Coire Choille, Spean Bridge. Schistostega osmundacea* ; this very rare moss, only once before found in Scotland, in Stirlingshire, was discovered by Mrs. Combe of Achriabhach, Glen Nevis, in a cave at the head of Glen Nevis on July 24th, after the visit of the B.B.S. Splachnum sphaericum, S. ampullaceum, Corpach Moss. Tetraplodon mnioides, Ben Nevis. Aulacomnium androgynum*, Glen Nevis. Conostomum boreale, Ben Nevis. Bartramia oederi, Creag Aoil; B. pomiformis var. crispa*, Glen Nevis. Philonotis seriata, Glen Nevis. Leptobryum pyriforme*, Webera annotina var. erecta* and var. bulbifera*, Glen Nevis. Bryum filiforme, B. inclinatum*, Glen Nevis; B. pendulum*, B. atropurpureum var. gracilentum*, Fort William. Cinclidium stygium*, desiccated, on dried marsh, Loch Oich. Neckera pumila*, Loch Sunart; var. philippeana, Glen Nevis. Anomodon viticulosus*, Creag Aoil. Orthothecium intricatum*, Creag Aoil. Brachythecium glareosum*, and Eurhynchium swartzii*, Creag Aoil. Amblystegium sprucei*, Glen Nevis. Hypnum stellatum var. protensum*, Creag Aoil; H. cupressiforme var. filiforme*, Glen Nevis; var. tectorum, Creag Aoil; H. callichroum and H. molluscum var. condensatum*, Glen Nevis; var. fastigiatum*, Creag Aoil; H. molle, Ben Nevis; H. arcticum*, Glen Nevis; H. schreberi c. fr., Glen Roy.


This is a very short list, nearly all from Ben Nevis and Glen Nevis. Aneura latifrons, A. palmata. Marsupella stableri, M. pearsoni. Gymnomitrium obtusum, G. crenulatum, G. varians. Lophozia alpestris. Sphenolobus ovatus, S. exsectus, S. exsectiformis. Anastrepta orcadensis. Plagiochila punctata. Chiloscyphus polyanthus. Nowellia curvifolia. Bazzania tricrenata. Herberta hutchinsiae. Scapania subalpina var. undulifolia, S. umbrosa. Pleurozia purpurea. Lejeunea patens. Harpalejeunea ovata.

At Creag Aoil:- Metzgeria pubescens*, Lophozia mulleri, Scapania aspera. On Corpach Moss:- Odontoschisma sphagni, Calypogeia trichomanis, Scapania gracilis. Near Fort William:- Calypogeia fissa, Microlejeunea ulicina, Frullania germana, Loch Linnhe; F. fragilifolia, Kinloch Leven.



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