From coast to summit - two Bearberries
Bearberries are in the Heath family
Bearberry veins Bearberry Arctic Bearberry
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi has prominent leaf veins compared with Cowberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea which has glands below the leaves that look like dots. The Common Bearberry has oval leaves with smooth edges and a smooth upper surface. It is evergreen and it grows in rocky and free-draining locations. It has edible red berries, but with many seeds
The Alpine Bearberry Arctostaphylos alpinus is found in the north and west growing on exposed ridges. The leaves are Alpine Bearberry leafveined on both surfaces and have teeth round the edge. The leaves turn red in autumn and stay on the plant until spring. The berries are black.