Pteris blumeana J.Agardh

Family

Pteridaceae, subfamily Pteridoideae

Nomenclature

Pteris blumeana J.Agardh, Recens. Spec. Pter.: 22. 1839; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 157. 1940; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 81. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 244. 1985; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 127. 2000. – Pteris quadriaurita var. blumeana (J.Agardh) Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 112. 1883; Hosseus, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28(2): 366. 1911.

Pteris quadriaurita auct. non Retz.: Christ, Bot. Tidsskr. 24: 106. 1901; C.Chr., Bot. Tidsskr. 32: 348. 1916.

Description

Rhizome short, erect, densely scaly at apex; scales linear, up to 8 by 0.8 mm, dark brown with pale ferrugineous margin. Stipes castaneous to purplish in lower part, stramineous or pale brown upwards, puberulous or glabrescent, up to 85 cm long. Laminae oblong with acute apex, deeply bipinnatisect to bipinnate, 40–70 by 35–50 cm; lateral pinnae 2–12 pairs, slightly ascending, nearly straight, lanceolate with truncate base, caudately acuminate at apex, up to 28 by 3–5.5(–6.5) cm, basal pinnae bearing large basiscopic pinnules; rachis and costa grooved on upper surface, more or less hirsute; pinnules patent, straight or slightly falcate, narrowly oblong, rounded to obtuse or rarely moderately acute at apex, up to 36 by 2.5–4.5 mm, entire at margin, adnate and decurrent to the next ones by wings of costa less than 0.5 mm broad; with long spines on upper surface of costa and costules, upper surface of lamina sparsely pubescent, green, papyraceous; veins forked, distinct on both surfaces. Sori continuous along margin of pinnules except at apex and sinus; indusia pale, thin, transparent .

Distribution in Thailand

NORTHERN: Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lampang, Phitsanulok; NORTH-EASTERN: Loei; EASTERN: Nakhon Ratchasima; SOUTH-WESTERN: Kanchanaburi; CENTRAL: Nakhon Nayok; SOUTH-EASTERN: Chanthaburi, Trat; PENINSULAR: Chumphon, Yala.

Distribution in Laos

Attapeu, Khammouane.

Distribution in Cambodia

Kampot.

Wider Distribution

India, Laos, Cambodia, S Vietnam and Malesia.

Ecology

On usually dry mountain slopes in deep shade or on humus-rich ground in not very dense forests at low or medium altitudes (but to 1200 m alt. on Phu Luang).

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This species is common and widespread and not under any known threat.

Notes

In some plants a distinct white line is apparent along the costae, but no taxonomic significance can be given to this character, which occurs in other species .

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 4758 & 4760, Kanchanaburi, Khao Laem National Park, Kra Teng Jeng Waterfall (E).

Voucher specimens - Laos

Harmand 1253, Attapeu (P); Delacour s.n., Khammouane, Nape (P).

Voucher specimens - Cambodia

Pierre 5787, Kampot, Kamchay (P).

Habit

Habit

Habit, form with white stripe

Habit, form with white stripe

Rhizome and crozier

Rhizome and crozier

Frond, form with white stripe

Frond, form with white stripe

Frond, form without white stripe

Frond, form without white stripe

Pinnae from beneath.

Pinnae from beneath.

Pinnae from above (white stripe form)

Pinnae from above (white stripe form)

Venation

Venation

Sori

Sori

Spine-like hairs on upper frond surface

Spine-like hairs on upper frond surface

Site hosted by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Content managed by Stuart Lindsay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore and David Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens. Last updated 16 November 2016.