Pteris ensiformis Burm.f.

Family

Pteridaceae, subfamily Pteridoideae

Nomenclature

Pteris ensiformis Burm.f., Fl. Indica.: 230. 1768; Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 107. 1883; E.Smith, J. Siam Soc. Nat. Hist. Suppl. 8: 4. 1929; Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 149. 1940; Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya ed. 1, 2: 399, f. 231. 1955 [‘1954’]; Holttum, Dansk Bot. Ark. 20: 27. 1961; Holttum, Dansk Bot. Ark 23: 235. 1965; Tagawa & K.Iwats., SouthE. Asian Stud. 5: 79. 1967; Tagawa & K.Iwats., Fl. Thailand 3: 234. 1985; Boonkerd & Pollawatn, Pterid. Thailand: 128. 2000.

Description

Rhizome short creeping, bearing rather close fronds, about 5 mm diam., densely scaly; scales up to 4 by 0.7 mm, lanceolate with a long tail, brown, entire. Frond distinctly dimorphic. Sterile frond: stipe 7–15 cm long, brown and scaly at base, stramineous upwards, grooved on abaxial surface; lamina oblong, acute at apex, tripinnatifid, about 15 by 7 cm; pinnae 2–5 pairs, opposite, with a few pairs of pinnules and large apical segments; pinnules simple to trifoliolate, the ultimate segments oblong to oblong-lanceolate, apex moderately acute or acuminate in larger ones, 1.5–4(–7) by 0.7–1 cm, minutely serrate at margin; veins ascending, forked, all free, firm, green. Fertile frond taller; stipe 20–55 cm long; lamina bipinnate at base, up to 30 by 20 cm; pinnae a few pairs, simple to trifoliolate, ultimate segments linear, 7–17 by 0.5–1 cm, caudately acuminate at apex, broadly cuneate to subtruncate at base, serrate at upper non-soriferous margin. Sori linear, submarginal, continuous almost from base to apex; indusia pale green.

Distribution in Thailand

NORTHERN: Chiang Mai, Lampang, Tak; NORTH-EASTERN: Loei, Khon Kaen, Nakhon Phanom; EASTERN: Chaiyaphum; SOUTH-WESTERN: Uthai Thani, Kanchanaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan; SOUTH-EASTERN: Chon Buri, Rayong, Chanthaburi, Trat; PENINSULAR: Chumphon, Surat Thani, Phangnga, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Krabi, Phatthalung, Trang, Satun, Pattani, Yala.

Distribution in Laos

Vientiane, Xieng Khouang.

Distribution in Cambodia

Kampot, Pursat.

Wider Distribution

Tropics of Old World, Sri Lanka to Australia and Polynesia throughout Malesia, north to India, S China, Indochina and the Ryukyus.

Ecology

On mountain slopes or on ground of tropical rain forests at low altitudes in Peninsular, or in dry evergreen forests at low to medium altitutdes in other parts.

Proposed IUCN Conservation Assessment

Least Concern (LC). This species is common and widespread and not under any known threat.

Voucher specimens - Thailand

Middleton et al. 4710, Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary (E).

Voucher specimens - Laos

Maxwell 99-121, Vientiane (CMU); Poilane 2324, Xieng Khouang (P).

Voucher specimens - Cambodia

Bouillod 74, Kampot, Kamchay (P); Harmand s.n., Pursat (P).

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Habit

Young plant

Young plant

Pinnae

Pinnae

Old marginal sori

Old marginal sori

Site hosted by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Content managed by Stuart Lindsay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore and David Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens. Last updated 16 November 2016.